Introvert vs Extrovert คุณเป็นคนแบบไหน?

Introvert vs Extrovert: Which personality type are you?

Introvert (introversion) and extrovert (extroversion) are two primary types of human personality according to the human personality theories developed by the well-known German psychiatrist


Introvert vs Extrovert: Which personality type are you?

Introvert (introversion) and extrovert (extroversion) are two primary types of human personality according to the human personality theories developed by the well-known German psychiatrist and psychologist Carl Gustav Jung, who first coined the terms to describe the diametrically distinct ways of individualistic interactions in society to understand, learn, and adapt for a more harmonious societal coexistent.

What is the difference between introverts and extroverts?

Theoretically, Dr. Jung explained the difference between introverted and extroverted personality types based on how humans gain or store energy by spending a short period in an entirely different environment. Dr. Jung found that extroverts feel energized by being surrounded by people, enjoy interacting with the outside world, and prefer sharing their thoughts and feelings with others, while introverts are recharged by being alone, feeling secure and confident in their own space, or contemplate quietly at a serene place. 

What causes introverted and extroverted personalities (as spectrums)?

Introverted and extroverted personality types are not diseases or abnormal conditions that require medical treatment. However, according to research, introverted and extrovert personality types are due to two underlying factors:

  • Genetic factors (genes) or traits are inherited at the gene level and passed down from parents to children. If the parents have an introverted personality, the child is more likely to be introverted. In addition, the secretion of certain neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, is higher in those with extroverted personalities; thus, extroverts feel more energetic, lively, and socially enthusiastic.
  • Environment factors: introverts may absorb the behavior of their parents or caregivers growing up in a simple lifestyle, having a slow-paced way of social communication, or growing up in a peaceful environment with few social stimuli. All of these factors contribute to the development of introverted personality traits. Extroverts may have grown up in a crowded community environment with a high regular communication volume or in a family that regularly engages in social activities and assimilating behavior in children, eventually leading to an adult with an extrovert personality.

What is an introverted personality?

  • Introverts enjoy spending time with themselves—someone who enjoys spending time focusing on their own thoughts, someone who recharges their energy just by being alone.
  • Introverts can be noticed by their leisurely lifestyle. Introverts frequently prefer to spend their leisure time doing activities or hobbies in a quiet setting, activities that allow them to explore their own ideas, plans, and imagination.
  • Introverts dislike being in a crowd, do not prefer socializing, and feel drained after being socialized.
  • When it comes to socializing, introverts tend to be more listeners than talkers; they are usually the ones who do not initiate the conversation. On the other hand, they prefer to use their thoughts to analyze what others say. Typically, introverts are profound people.
  • When working with others, an introvert is someone who pays attention to details. They are analytical thinkers who plan their work step by step and are always focused on work.
  • When first meeting an introvert, it may appear difficult to approach them, but once acquainted, an introvert can be a valuable member of a team.
  • When working with others, an introvert is someone who pays attention to details, has a well-thought-out planning process, is creative, and can present interesting new ideas.
  • Introvert is a natural listener in a social setting—someone who avoids conflict is reserved, rarely expresses their feelings, and is well-considered in their actions rather than acting on instincts or impulses.
  • When it comes to making new friends, introverts prefer having a small group of friends with whom they can share and discuss everything rather than a large group of friends. Someone who takes the time to build friendships but, once they are close, will entrust and give a true friendship.
  • When traveling, introverts tend to travel to natural or historical places where there’s a story to be told and spend their time indulging themselves in the ambiance and story of those places.

What is an extroverted personality?

  • Extroverts are people who enjoy socializing—a person who feels good about spending time talking to various kinds of people. Someone who is energized by being in the presence of other people, places, or lively environments.
  • Extroverts are good at interpersonal skills—a person who has a broad-minded, is easy to approach, enjoys socializing in a variety of settings, enjoys being around a large group of people, enjoys having fun, dislikes being reserved, and can socialize well without feeling nervous.
  • Extroverts have good social skills, a thought process when communicating with others, always have a smooth conversation and can adapt to a conversation with a variety of people in any situation.
  • When it comes to socializing, extroverts are frequently given the opportunity to speak. They often initiate conversations with others. Someone who can process information quickly and interact with others smoothly.
  • Extroverts are energetic, thrive in a team environment, enjoy brainstorming and discussing ideas, and are not afraid of taking on new challenges at work.
  • Extroverts are quick decision-makers who can think and analyze problems quickly, dare to face problems, always bring up the problem to discuss in order to find a solution, and are willing to take on new challenges.
  • Extroverts are people who work quickly, are highly flexible, have good management skills, and can multitask while working with others. An extrovert is someone who is constantly presenting ideas for his or her work.
  • Extroverts are good-natured, easily get along with others, dislike being alone for long periods of time, enjoy meeting new people, aren't afraid to make new friends, and have a large number of friends.
  • Extroverts can travel anywhere, particularly in trendy or crowded areas where people can fully participate in activities. They are the adventurous kind of person who loves to explore new things and likes to share those stories with others.

What is an ambivert personality?

In today's fast-paced society, there is a melting pot of many personalities. People are adapting to one another. As a result, there is no clear distinction between introverted and extroverted personalities. This personality is known as an "ambivert," or the combined personality to adapt to and fine-tune with each other. Ambivert personalities have the following characteristics:
  • Ambiverts can energize themselves by meeting new people, but they can also be alone in their own space without feeling uncomfortable.
  • Ambivert personalities are highly adaptable, flexible, and capable of striking a balanced social life. They can join the conversation and hang out with colleagues after work but also require personal space to reflect on the day's events.
  • Ambivert personalities are good sociable listeners and speakers, compatible with introverts and extroverts, and other personality types.
  • Ambivert personalities excel at learning and understanding, are empathetic and supportive, and are willing to suggest solutions to problems.
  • Ambivert personalities can work well in teams or alone at work. They can plan ideas in a quiet place while still feeling comfortable presenting their work in front of a large group without feeling embarrassed.
  • Ambiverts don't limit themselves in any way; they are flexible in their thinking without sticking to just one pattern. Instead, they are willing to listen and consider how to carry out the best task possible.
  • When it comes to making new friends, ambivert personalities are good-natured, can be the initiators in getting to know others first, can place themselves well in the conversation, are outspoken, can tell their story to others smoothly, and can listen to other people's stories as well. 
  • When traveling with friends, ambiverts can be leaders in planning or follower of the majority in the group of friends.

Introvert, Extrovert, Good life balancing, any personality doesn’t matter!

Personality fluctuates over time throughout our lives from one to another. It is the growth of the human ability to adapt to and interact with others in society. Carl Jung's Theoretical Personality Classification is simply a theory that describes how people choose to place themselves in spaces where they feel comfortable in their skin, and these personalities change as we age. As we get older, extroverts may become less social, more introverted, and more listeners, and introverts may become more social, reveal themselves more, and be able to speak and present themselves fluently in front of a large group of people.


Article by
Dr Lanchasak Akkayagorn

A doctor specializing in psychiatry
Doctor profile

Published: 07 Jun 2023