Disease and Treatment

Bunions (Hallux Valgus)

A bunion is a bony bump on the medial side of a big toe. This condition causes the tip of the big toe to deviate toward the other toes. A bunion can be due to wearing narrow shoes, foot deformity, or a medical condition like arthritis.

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Cystoscopy

Cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure to examine the lining of your bladder and urethra. The doctor will insert the cystoscope into your bladder via the urethra. A topical numbing gel or general anesthesia may be given

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Minimally invasive heart surgery (MIS HEART)

Minimally invasive heart surgery enables a surgeon to access the heart through small 2-3-inch incisions. Compared to traditional open-heart surgery, MIS surgery can effectively address various heart conditions with reduced pain and faster recovery

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Heart Palpitations

Heart palpitations are sensations of heart pounding and perception of irregular heartbeats. The prevalent causes include anxiety, pregnancy, caffeine, alcohol, or spicy food consumption. Heart palpitations are common; in most instances.

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Aquagenic Urticaria

Aquagenic urticaria, also known as water allergy, is a rare skin reaction that occurs after contact with water, including tears and sweat. Symptoms consist of swelling, itching, and hives, which appear shortly after contact with water.

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Sunburn

Sunburn, exposure to strong sunlight for a prolonged period can damage skin cells and lead to sunburn. Regular exposure or repeated sunburn incidents can result in wrinkles and increase the risk of skin cancer.

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Complex Coronary Artery Disease

Complex coronary artery disease is a condition where blood flow to the heart muscle is insufficient. , leading to a lack of oxygen. Fatigue and chest tightness during physical exertion are common symptoms that occur as a result.

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Antenatal Care: When to Start, Number of Visits, and Tests

Antenatal care or prenatal care refers to healthcare provided from the start of pregnancy until the day the baby is delivered. Prenatal care should begin as soon as you find out you are pregnant

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Review of the Platinum Check-up Program at MedPark Hospital: worthwhile, comprehensive, with same-day results

For those looking for a thorough yearly health check-up package that provides excellent value, including comprehensive physical exams and doctor consultations encompassing all areas in one day, the Platinum Check-up program at MedPark is a must-try.

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Laryngitis

In Laryngitis, the vocal cords are two muscular folds of tissue within the larynx that can move apart (open) or come together (close). When air passes through the larynx, the vocal cords vibrate and create sound.

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CT Scan Calcium Score

CT scan calcium score measures the amount of calcium in the coronary artery wall that supplies blood to the heart muscle to assess the risk of coronary artery disease. A computed tomography (CT)

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Keratitis

Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea. It can arise from infectious or noninfectious origins. Seek immediate treatment if you experience eye pain, redness, swelling, or excessive tearing. Proper cleaning of contact lenses is crucial to minimize

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Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is a tool for safeguarding your digestive health. It allows doctors to examine the inner lining of your large intestine (colon) for abnormalities. It is especially beneficial in detecting and preventing severe conditions

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Groin Strains

A groin strain is an injury affecting the muscles in the groin. This condition is common among athletes. It occurs when one stretches the groin muscles beyond their limits, causing muscle fiber tears. A doctor may conduct a physical examination

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Liver Biopsy

A liver biopsy utilizes a special hollow biopsy needle to extract a small tissue sample from your liver. The biopsied liver tissue is studied by a pathologist under a microscope, providing essential insights into your liver condition.

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Corneal Topography

Corneal topography provides highly detailed information about corneal curvature/refractive power, shape, and thickness. This information is invaluable for keratoconus treatment and planning for laser refractive surgery

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Retinal Focal Laser Eye Surgery

Focal laser eye treatment, or photocoagulation, is a procedure to treat macular edema, the swelling in a part of the retina responsible for our sharp central vision.

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YAG Laser Posterior Capsulotomy

YAG laser capsulotomy is a treatment for posterior capsule opacification; the ophthalmologist aims the laser to create a small opening in the cloudy posterior lens capsule, allowing light to shine through and restoring vision.

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Mohs Surgery for Skin Cancer, Procedure, Benefits

Mohs surgery is an operative technique for treating skin cancer that involves surgically removing only the skin cancer area and a thin margin surrounding the lesion, layer by layer, and sending them

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Kidney Function Tests

Kidney function tests refer to medical tests used to evaluate the functions and health of kidneys. There are several kidney function tests, usually involving blood and urine tests.

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Pericarditis

Pericarditis is the inflammation and swelling of the thin saclike tissue known as the pericardium, which encases the heart. This condition can lead to sharp shooting chest pain stemming from the friction of irritated pericardium.

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Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are noncancerous growths in the nose or sinuses. While they are typically painless, larger polyps or clusters of polyps can obstruct nasal passages, causing breathing difficulties, nasal congestion

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Hypercalcemia

Hypercalcemia is a state of high calcium levels in your blood. Primary hyperparathyroidism, vitamin D toxicity, certain cancers, diseases, and medications can cause the condition. Treatment of hypercalcemia may involve medication or surgery.

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Bravo Esophageal pH Test

The Bravo esophageal pH test measures the frequency and times of stomach acid refluxing into the esophagus, aiding the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

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Endometrial Receptivity Analysis (ERA)

Endometrial Receptivity Analysis (ERA) is a test to measure the thickness of the uterine lining and genetic variations to assess whether the endometrium is sufficiently ripe for embryo implantation. ERA can determine the ideal timing

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Sperm Freezing (Sperm Cryopreservation)

The cryopreservation or banking of sperm, also known as sperm freezing, involves the long-term storage of a man's sperm cells for future use in assisted reproductive technologies like in vitro fertilization (IVF).

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Complete Blood Count (CBC)

A complete blood count (CBC) is a routine blood test that can provide insights for diagnosing medical conditions by evaluating the cellular components of blood.

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Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional release of urine and is classifiable into various types. The approach to treating urinary incontinence considers its severity, type, and underlying cause.

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Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG): Treat, Rescue CAD

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a surgical procedure designed to address severe blockages or narrowing in coronary arteries. CABG’s procedure involves creating a grafted artery bypass

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Exercise Stress Test (EST)

Exercise stress testing is a test to evaluate how the heart functions during physical exertion when the heart has a high oxygen demand. There are several methods for conducting this type of testing.

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Heart failure

Heart failure arises when the heart muscle cannot pump blood efficiently, causing the congestion of blood returning to the heart and buildup of fluid in the lungs, causing shortness of breath.

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Pelvic Pain: Which type is critical and should see a doctor

Pelvic pain is pain felt in the lower abdomen, from below the navel down to the pubis area. Pelvic pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, ranging from common conditions such as constipation

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Bladder Stones

Bladder stones, also known as bladder calculi, are solid concretions of minerals that develop in the urinary bladder. These formations typically occur when residual urine remains in the bladder after urination.

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Miscarriage

A miscarriage, also known as a spontaneous abortion, refers to the unforeseen termination of a pregnancy within the first 20 weeks of gestation. This condition can happen from various causes. Around 80% of pregnancy loss occurs during

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Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia nervosa is a serious eating disorder characterized by binge eating (consuming substantial amounts of food at one time) followed by purging through self-induced vomiting and other methods. Bulimia encompasses physical, emotional

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Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Cardiac MRI is an imaging modality using strong magnetic fields and radio waves to create detailed cardiac images. It is beneficial for assessing problems within the heart chambers, heart muscle, heart valves, and blood flow through the heart.

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Transvaginal Ultrasound

A transvaginal ultrasound is an imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to visualize your pelvic organs, including the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

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Carotid Doppler Ultrasound

Doppler ultrasound is a medical imaging test that uses sound waves to assess blood flow. It is a non-invasive, painless procedure that can provide valuable information about the speed and direction of blood moving

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Coronary Angiogram (CAG): Diagnose, Treat CAD timely

Coronary angiogram (CAG) is both a diagnostic X-ray imaging procedure and a treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD), using the cardiac catheterization technique by inserting a 2 mm

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition. OCD patients have frequent unwanted thoughts (obsessions), which lead to repetitive behaviors (compulsions). People with OCD have no control over these thoughts

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Snoring

Snoring is a rhythmic rumbling, gasping, or snorting sound arising from breathing while asleep. If snoring is loud and disturbing, it may be indicative of obstructive sleep apnea , which can lead to more health problems such as hypertension

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LASIK: PRK, Femto LASIK, ReLEx SMILE, SMILE Pro

LASIK is a refractive surgical procedure designed to permanently correct vision issues, including nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. The surgery involves using Femtosecond Laser to open the outer corneal flap

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Nonstress test (NST): Procedure and Results

A nonstress test  (NST) serves as a screening measure for assessing fetal health by gauging the fetal heart rate and its reaction to movement, confirming sufficient oxygen supply. This safe and painless.

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Eyelid Spa Treatment

The eyelid spa treatment addresses dry eye resulting from meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), leading to eyelid inflammation, dry eyes, pink eye (Conjunctivitis), irritation, or hordeolum.

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Pulmonary Fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is a respiratory disorder with scarring of lung tissues between the air sacs (alveoli). The damaged tissues become stiff and thickened, leading to compromised lung function and impaired oxygen transfer into the bloodstream.

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Anti-Mullerian Hormone Test (AMH)

An anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) test measures the level of AMH in your blood to evaluate ovarian function and reserve. Typically, both men and women can make AMH, but an AMH test is primarily for assessing female reproductive health.

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Meningitis

Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes surrounding your brain and spinal cord. Bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections and non-infectious causes can cause meningitis.

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Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)

The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a non-invasive test to diagnose peripheral artery disease (PAD). The ABI provides valuable information, such as The severity of PAD, Whether your arms and legs are receiving sufficient oxygen.

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Anemia

Anemia is a deficiency in healthy red blood cells and hemoglobin that compromises oxygen delivery throughout the body. Hemoglobin, a crucial component containing iron-rich protein

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Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), also known as coronary angioplasty, is a commonly performed procedure to treat blocked arteries. PCI can be necessary if you have plaque, build-up of fatty substances, calcium, or cholesterol in the arteries.

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Abdominal Ultrasound

An abdominal ultrasound is a medical imaging modality utilizing inaudible high-frequency sound waves to generate images of the organs and blood vessels in your abdomen. radiologist glides the transducer over your abdomen while transmitting

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Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis, occurs when allergens like pollen, dust mite droppings, pet hair or dander, insects, and mold trigger allergic reactions, resulting in symptoms such as sneezing, a sore throat, nasal congestion, a runny nose

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Headache

Headaches manifest as a sensation of pressure pain anywhere in the head. They exhibit considerable variation in character, ranging from squeezing, throbbing, sharp shooting to dull pain.

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High-Risk Pregnancy

Pregnancies first occurring before the age of 17 or after the age of 35 are classified as high-risk, necessitating close monitoring to minimize the likelihood of complications. Nonetheless, a high-risk pregnancy

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Uveitis

Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea. Inflammatory cells and their mediators can damage tissue in the eyes and reduce its function, which could lead to reduced or permanent loss of vision.

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Hearing Loss

Gradual hearing loss that occurs with age, known as presbycusis, is a common occurrence. Aging and exposure to loud noises can contribute to the degeneration of hair cells, causing sensorineural hearing loss, which is typically irreversible.

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Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) or Willis-Ekbom disease is a neurological and sleep-related malady. Individuals with RLS have an overwhelming urge to move their legs due to discomfort and gain relief after moving.

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Open-Heart Surgery

Open-heart surgery is a complex surgical procedure that necessitates the use of a heart-lung machine. During the procedure, surgeons make a lengthy midline vertical incision on the chest, cut through the breastbone

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Vaginal Yeast Infection

Vaginal yeast infections are prevalent among women, particularly those who are still menstruating. These infections are attributable to a yeast known as candida. Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections encompass vulvar itching and irritation

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Sleep Test (Polysomnography): Sleep apnea, Snoring

Sleep test (polysomnography) is a diagnostic procedure that analyzes various functions of the body during sleep to identify the causes and abnormalities related to sleep disorders, such as snoring, sleep apnea

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Down syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by an extra full or partial cell division of a human’s chromosome 21, resulting in lifelong intellectual disability, delayed development

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Understanding food allergy is crucial for your and your child’s safety

Food allergy is an adverse immune response to specific food proteins, resulting in chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract lining. Only a small number of patients are allergic to carbohydrates and fats.

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Postcoital Bleeding (Bleeding After Sex)

Postcoital bleeding, which can affect women of all ages, occurs in approximately 9% of reproductive-age women. It often manifests as spotting or minor bleeding, which may not be a cause for significant concern.

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Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of harmful, pathological bacteria. It can lead to changes in vaginal discharge, including odor and color.

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Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

PRP treats and repairs inflamed tendons and early-stage knee osteoarthritis by stimulating healing. Platelets are a component of blood that promotes clotting and contain growth factors that aid in the self-repair of tissues

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Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

The conjunctiva is the white of the eye that contains many tiny blood vessels. If these blood vessels break, it can cause bleeding in the eye or a condition known as subconjunctival hemorrhage

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Stretch Marks (Striae)

Stretch marks or striae appear as slightly depressed skin lines that emerge on various body surfaces, such as breasts, abdomen, hips, and buttocks. Pregnant women, in particular, frequently experience these marks in the final trimester.

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Depression Tests

The psychiatric specialist will make an initial depression test by taking a detailed history, including symptoms, underlying diseases, family history, emotions, feelings, and behaviors

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Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation, typically lasting 3-6 months. The main symptom is the absence of menstrual periods. However, other symptoms may occur depending on the underlying cause

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Developmental Delay in Children

Developmental delay in children is lags in one or multiple developmental milestones compared to their peers, worrying you and making you feel anxious, getting an appropriate and timely diagnosis

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Flat Feet (Flatfoot)

Flat feet or Flatfoot, are characterized by the absence of a noticeable arch in one or both feet. When standing, the inner soles of the feet are flattened and make direct contact with the ground.

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Root canal treatment: Causes, Symptoms, Procedures

Root canal treatment is a curative dental treatment for an infected dental pulp, pulp chamber, or root canal that has become inflamed and infected due to the buildup of bacteria that destroys the tooth roots, dental pulp

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Scoliosis Surgery

Scoliosis surgery is a treatment for scoliosis, a condition where the spine is tilted, rotated, or curved sideways in an "S" or "C" shape. This curvature is more than 10 degrees

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Breast Cancer

The abnormal cell proliferation, particularly of the ductal and glandular epithelium, can lead to the formation of a lump or breast cancer. Cancer cells can metastasize to lymph nodes and other organs.

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Teeth Whitening Treatment - Types, Procedures, Fees

Teeth whitening treatment is a dental procedure that helps transform discolored or stained teeth into stunning white, bright teeth by utilizing teeth whitening technology, the LED Light System

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Positron Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography (PET/CT) Scans

PET/CT scan is a medical imaging of internal organs and tissues at the molecular level utilizing radiopharmaceuticals. PET/CT scan can detect many abnormal lesions, most often for malignancy

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Thyroid nodules

Almost all thyroid nodules are asymptomatic, but large nodules can be felt and visible. They may press on your esophagus, leading to difficulty swallowing or dyspnea.

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Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)

Dyspnea or shortness of breath is the feeling that you cannot get adequate air into your lungs. You may feel tightness in the chest and must work harder to breathe. Shortness of breath is usually a sign of a medical emergency

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Digital Mammogram (Tomosynthesis (3D) Digital Mammography)

Digital Mammogram (Tomosynthesis (3D) Digital Mammography), is an innovative mammography technology capable of producing both 2D and 3D images of the breasts. This advanced technology enhances the accuracy of breast cancer screening and reduces

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Allergic conjunctivitis in Adults

Allergic conjunctivitis occurs when the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane protecting your eyes, is irritated by allergens such as dust mites, pollen, or mold spores.

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Blood in the urine (Hematuria)

Blood in the urine (Hematuria) can result from infections, intense exercise, and urinary tract diseases. You should see a doctor for a proper diagnosis if your urine is bloody. Though, in most instances

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Malaria

Malaria is a disease caused by protozoa infection, a parasite in the plasmodium genus spread by female Anopheles mosquitoes, a carrier of the malaria parasite to humans when entering the forest

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Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) stem from bacterial presence, most often from E. coli bacterial infection. These microorganisms ascend the urinary tract, starting from the urethra and progressing through the ureter

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Vitamin A Deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency is when the body does not receive an adequate amount of vitamin A, resulting in health conditions such as night blindness which is treatable by taking vitamin A supplements and is preventable

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Common Cold

The common cold is a contagious respiratory infection caused by viruses -- more than 200 viral strains can cause the common cold. Of these, the rhinoviruses are most frequently responsible for colds.

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IVF Embryo Grading

Embryo grading is a procedure that aids in selecting and evaluating the quality of embryos for in vitro fertilization. . IVF specialists usually perform grading on days three

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Hair loss

Hair loss occurs on the scalp or the skin on various skin surfaces according to the hair's life cycle, which deteriorates with age, falls out, and grows again. Hair loss can also be due to heredity

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Ptosis (Drooping eyelids)

Anyone, regardless of age or gender can develop ptosis. It can happen to one or both eyelids. Some people may have it at birth, while others have it when they get older or have underlying medical conditions.

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Muscle Pain

Muscle pain, also known as myalgia, can be caused by injuries, infectious diseases, or other health issues. It can be temporary or chronic as well as localized or widespread throughout the body

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Vertigo

Vertigo occurs when you see your surroundings spinning or feel like you are spinning though you stay still. • If symptoms persist, see an ENT doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, resulting in a syphilitic sore or chancre started as a pimple that ruptures into a sore in the mouth, genitals

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Ectopic Pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy refers to the fetal implantation that takes place outside of the uterus. Approximately 90% of ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tube.

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Back Acne

Back Acne (Bacne) develops when the skin hair pores become clogged with dead skin, sweat, or dirt mixed with oil known as sebum made by oil-producing glands. Acne can form anywhere on your skin, including your back.

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Acne

Acne is a skin condition caused by the accumulation of oil and dead skin cells within the sebaceous glands adjacent to the hair follicle, resulting in acne that appears as a small bulge on the upper

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Muscle Cramps

Muscle cramps occur when one or more muscles suddenly and involuntarily contract, causing sharp and often intense pain. Strenuous exertion, particularly in a hot environment, can trigger muscle cramps.

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Colic

Colic is a condition in which the baby is constantly crying, no matter what anyone does to comfort them. The baby continues to cry. As a result, people used to call this symptom "The child saw a ghost," but it is actually caused by colic in babies.

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Polio

Polio is a severe acute infectious disease caused by the poliovirus, which can spread from person to person, damaging the central nervous system and motor neurons, resulting in flaccid paralysis

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Gum Recession

Gum recession denotes gum disease where the gum tissue withdraws from the teeth, uncovering the roots beneath. It increases the susceptibility of teeth to cavities and can lead to heightened tooth

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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever a disease caused by the dengue virus, transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes, specifically the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Four dengue virus strains (DENV-1 to DENV-4)

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Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is frequent, especially among older adults – with the risk increasing with advancing age. About one-fifth of the elderly experience dry mouth, with women having a higher prevalence than men.

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Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a condition where the spine curves and deviates sideways. Noticeable physical findings are uneven shoulders or hips, Asymmetric rib cages with unequal height.

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Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia develops when the level of blood glucose drops below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 3.9 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) in diabetic people and below 55 mg/dL or 3.1 mmol/L for non

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Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder with excessive daytime drowsiness and sudden attack of sleep. Staying awake becomes a challenge for people with narcolepsy.

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Office Syndrome

Office Syndrome is not regarded as an ailment per se but rather encompasses a collection of muscle and spine symptoms associated with poor sitting posture while working. It often occurs to office work

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Stress

Stress is a physical and mental response to a situation or occurrence perceived to be threatening. It is a natural reaction. The stress response helps us adjust and stay alert to avoid danger.

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Psoriasis - Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Infections

Psoriasis is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory skin disease that causes red, dry, itchy, raised patches with silvery or white scaly flakes that flake like dandruff which can affect the skin

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Canker Sores (Aphthous Ulcers)

Canker sores or aphthous ulcers are a type of mouth sore. They usually appear as white or yellowish round or oval shapes with a red margin inside the mouth. The size can be as small as 1 millimeter

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Anti-snoring appliances: Procedures, Benefits

Anti-snoring appliances are dental appliances specifically designed to treat snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A dental specialist with skill and expertise makes the design

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Thalassemia

Thalassemia is a hereditary blood disorder characterized by defective hemoglobin synthesis due to genetic disorders resulting in abnormalities of red blood cells. It can lead to reduced production

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Common warts

Common warts (verruca vulgaris) are skin bumps with rough surfaces and tiny black specks. They can occur anywhere in the body but most often on hands and fingers. The cause of common warts is exposure

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Pelvic Exam

A pelvic exam is a medical procedure to check for abnormalities in the pelvis which includes Vagina, Cervix, Uterus, Fallopian tubes, Ovaries, Bladder, Rectum

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Genital warts

Genital warts are sexually transmitted diseases (STI) caused by infection with the wart-causing HPV virus. Genital warts are rough, crest-like polyps on the genitals, groin, or anus, causing itching,

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Bell’s palsy

Bell's palsy is a neurological condition characterized by weakness of the facial muscles on one side, resulting in a drooping mouth and the inability to close eye on the same side tightly.

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Sore throat or Pharyngitis

Sore throat/Pharyngitis symptoms are scratchiness, pain, or irritation aggravated by swallowing. Viral pharyngitis due to the common cold is the most common cause of a sore throat and usually resolves

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Abscess: not a minuscule matter

An abscess or a boil can often occur in bodily organs. Some may think it is an insignificant matter that can heal without specific treatment. However, an untreated abscess can be harmful.

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Herpes simplex

Herpes simplex is an infectious virus spread through skin contact or sexual transmission of HSV-1 or HSV-2, a virus that causes oral herpes or genital herpes, causing itchiness, blistering, cold sore

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of syndromes that cause delays in language and communication development, social interactions, repetitive attention, or a limited pattern of behavior.

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Chest CT Scan

Computed tomography or CT scan is an imaging test that produces a multidimensional view of the internal organs, including blood vessels, soft tissue, and bones.

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HIV/AIDS

AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is the final stage of HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus infection, in which CD4 white blood cells, or T-cells of the body's immune system,

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Uterine Prolapse

Uterine prolapse is a common condition as women age. When the muscles and tissues in the pelvis become weak after menopause or damaged due to multiple vaginal childbirths, the uterus can sag into

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Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women

Chronic pelvic pain is persistent pain that lasts for six months or longer. The pain does not necessarily correlate with the menstrual cycle. Another cause could be how the central nervous system

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Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MIS)

Minimally invasive spine surgery is a newer method of performing spine surgery. Less muscle and tissue damage, less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery.

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Thyrotoxicosis

Thyrotoxicosis occurs when there are abnormally high blood levels of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) which are your body's thyroid hormones. They increase your metabolic rate, causing symptom

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Tenosynovitis (De Quervain's syndrome) in pregnant women and new mothers

De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis in pregnant women or new mothers has hormonal changes different from non-pregnant women. The hormones cause body fluid accumulation, especially in their wrists and hands.

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Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne disease due to infection by the chikungunya virus. Symptoms are similar to Dengue and Zika, making misdiagnosis common; an accurate diagnosis is essential if you think

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PESA / TESE

PESA / TESE, men with ejaculation problems. After viable sperm extraction, egg fertilization can occur via the ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) technique.

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Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a viral infection that occurs in anyone who has had chickenpox in the past. Herpes zoster symptoms manifest when the body's immune system is weaker than usual.

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Heatstroke

Heatstroke is a medical emergency that can lead to severe complications such as organ failure, damage, or even death if there is a delay in the diagnosis and treatment.

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Epistaxis (Nosebleeds)

Nosebleeds (Epistaxis) is a common condition in which there is bleeding from one or both sides of the nasal septum due to tearing of the small blood vessels that feed the septum caused by hard nasal

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Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland becomes overactive, and thyroid hormones are excessively produced and released into the body. The metabolic rate increases, leading to myriad symptoms.

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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric condition caused by a mood disorder in which the patient alternates between extreme euphoric or aggressive bipolar disorder (mania, or hypomania).

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Bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, is a type of gastric surgical procedure for those markedly overweight, who struggle with obesity, or those at high risk of obesity-related diseases.

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Pinguecula

A pinguecula is a deposit of fat, protein, calcium, or a combination of all three, which looks like a small yellowish raised bump on the eye’s conjunctiva. It appears on the inside corner of one

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Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a chronic eyelid inflammation. The oil glands on the edges of both eyelids are clogged, leading to irritation, redness, and swelling. The condition is not contagious

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Dental Crown

Crown is a fixed, natural-like, tooth-shaped covering-cap that completely encases over the top of a damaged tooth such as misshaped tooth, or unsightly tooth, to regain the properties of a natural

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Diarrhea

Diarrhea is the passage of loose or watery stools more than three times in 24 hours. Most of the time, diarrhea is self-limited and resolves itself over 2-3 days or with home remedies

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Presbyopia

With aging, the lens loses its flexibility and becomes less elastic. It cannot change its shape sufficiently to focus on the close-up range. This condition is called presbyopia.

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Brain Cancer

Brain cancer is the mutation of cells in the brain can form a tumor which can be benign or malignant. The rate of malignant tumor growth depends on its type.

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Semen Analysis

Semen analysis is a test to evaluate sperm quantity and quality. The procedure is usually for ascertaining the cause of male-factor infertility or after a vasectomy.

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ADHD in children (Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity disorder)

ADHD in children or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common disorder that can affect children’s life. Typically, children with the symptom of ADHD will exhibit constant inattentiveness

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Intracerebral hemorrhage (Brain bleeds)

Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH), or brain bleeds, occurs when blood vessels in the brain burst, with blood pressing on the brain tissues, causing decreased blood flow and lack of oxygen to the brain

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Lymphoma

The lymphatic system, it produces white blood cells known as lymphocytes, which fight against foreign microorganisms and prevent diseases and infections. They can become lymphoma.

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Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral infection caused by human enteroviruses and transmitted through contact with saliva, nasal discharge, blisters most commonly found in infants,

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Sexual Dysfunction in Men

Sexual dysfunction can affect men of all ages, but is especially common in older men. The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction include ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunction

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Kidney stones

Kidney stones occur when there are high levels of calcium, oxalate, cystine, or uric acid in the urine or when you do not drink enough fluids.

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Low-Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening

Low-dose CT scan (LDCT scan) is a computed tomography imaging using low-dose radiation. It differs from the standard CT scan by using a much lower dose of ionized radiation to produce images.

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Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell division in the lungs. The damaged cells irregularly divided or excessively imitated themselves (mutations) to form masses or tumors of tissue.

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High-performance Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis with a high-performance hemodialysis machine is a treatment option for kidney failure or chronic kidney disease patients by removing waste products from the bloodstream

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IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which sperm and eggs are extracted for fertilization in a laboratory, followed by embryo implantation for pregnancy.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

The treatment for rheumatoid arthritis prioritizes how to control the inflammation, delay and minimize joint damage, and increase the ability to function and maintain the quality of life.

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Heart arrhythmia

When your heart beats irregularly due to faulty electrical signals, it may be due to a heart arrhythmia. You may experience a heart that is racing or fluttering.

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Uterine Polyps

Uterine polyps are endometrial tissue that overgrows. They are round or oval shapes with a thin stalk or broad base attached to the uterine lining. The size may be as tiny as a sesame seed or bigger

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Earwax Impaction

Earwax or cerumen is a combination of lubricating and antibacterial substances secreted by the glands in the auditory canal, dead skin cells, and hair to protect the ears.

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Ruptured Eardrum (Perforated eardrum)

Our eardrum, or tympanic membrane, is a thin tissue separating the ear canal and the middle ear. It's a vital organ for hearing. It also acts as a protective barrier preventing water, germs,

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Neck mass

Neck mass, lump in the neck, or cervical mass carving out in the front part of the neck is caused by inflammation or infection that enlarged lymph nodes. Neck mass can be either non-malignant or

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Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can occur in both males and females. Common symptoms are abnormal discharge from the vagina or penis or pain during urination.

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Lupus or SLE

Lupus or SLE is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Lupus-related inflammation can impact many body systems

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Liver Elastography

Chronic liver diseases cause damage to the liver and the formation of scar tissue. Increasing scar tissue accumulation causes liver stiffness and less elasticity.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a type of arthritis due to chronic joint inflammation that can occur in different body joints. Symptoms gradually develop and persist over time. Many joints of the hands,

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Acupuncture

Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine treatment that uses thin needles to relieve symptoms and pains. An acupuncturist performs the treatment by inserting thin,

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Rabies

Rabies, or "hydrophobia," is a fatal viral infection of the nervous system transmitted by animals to humans. A patient in contact with an infected animal can receive rabies virus

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Aortic Valve Stenosis

Aortic valve stenosis (aortic stenosis) is a valvular heart disease in which the valve between the lower left heart chamber and the aorta is narrowed and cannot fully open or close,

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Chest Pain

Chest pain is a dull or sharp pain that lasts a couple of minutes to hours or months and may stem from different causes, but the most life-threatening one is a heart attack, a true medical emergency.

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Myocardial Ischemia

Myocardial ischemia, or cardiac ischemia, occurs when your heart muscle does not get adequate oxygen because of decreased blood flow to the heart.

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Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Bruxism is when you regularly grind your teeth while awake or sleeping. The condition can cause pain in your jaw muscles, teeth, and temporomandibular joints (TMJs).

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Infertility

For pregnancy to occur, both male and female fertility is required. In men, healthy sperm must be adequately produced and effectively ejaculated into the vagina.

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Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

A form of in vitro fertilization (IVF). It is an infertility treatment for people having male-factor fertility problems. The process is to inject one live sperm into a single oocyte (egg)

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Dermatitis

An umbrella term for conditions that cause inflammation of the skin. The signs and symptoms are red rashes, dryness, and itchiness. This skin condition can occur anywhere on the body

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Pregnancy Care for People with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes

The risk of developing complications during pregnancy is related to blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can cause many problems during and after pregnancy.

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Weight Loss Pen (Liraglutide Injection)

Weight Loss Pen, or Liraglutide Injection. It helps to decrease appetite and often use in combination with exercise and dietary changes.

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Can't sleep well, Frequent awakening, Unrefreshed sleep

Individual sleep time requirement has a genetic basis. Some people may need more; some may need less.

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Electrocardiography (EKG/ECG)

A diagnostic test for the heart’s electrical activity. It is a quick, painless, and noninvasive method. Electrodes or sensors will be attached to your chest, arms, and legs.

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Allergic Conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva -- the clear lining of the sclera and inner eyelids

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What is infertility?

Statistically, 70 % of couples with regular sexual intercourse can conceive within the first six months, and 80% can become pregnant within 12 months.

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Eye Floaters

You develop many new floaters, see flashes of light or have a blurry area, they may signify a retinal tear or detachment, which is detrimental to your vision.

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Musculoskeletal Pain

The acute injury usually precipitates acute musculoskeletal pain, whereas chronic pain may result from degenerative processes, arthritis, or fibromyalgia.

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Holter monitor

A Holter monitor is a portable and wearable electrocardiogram device to record the heartbeat and identifies abnormal heart rhythms. Certain arrhythmias, which occur only now and then,

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Hordeolum

Hordeolum, Stye, or Sty is caused by bacterial infection of the sebaceous (Zeis) glands, sweat (Moll) glands or meibomian glands of the eyelid.

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury

The collateral ligaments control the side-to-side motion, whereas the cruciate ligaments control the back-and-front movement. In acute ACL injury, the ligament can be either partially or totally torn

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Pterygium

An abnormal conjunctival tissue that becomes a raised, thick triangular-shaped growth associated with long-term exposure to UV light.

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Blocked tear duct

A blocked tear duct occurs when the tear drainage system becomes partially or completely obstructed, and the tear cannot naturally drain, leading to eye irritation.

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Frequent Urination

Frequent urination is when you need to pee more than 4-8 times in one day. This condition can be usual in pregnancy

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Acute Pancreatitis

There are many possible causes of acute pancreatitis, but 60-75 % of the patients develop the condition due to gallstones or excessive alcohol consumption.

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Colitis

Colitis occurs when the colonic lining becomes inflamed as a reaction to injury or infection or an autoimmune disease like inflammatory bowel disease.

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Laparoscopic Surgery

A minimally invasive surgery that is preferable over conventional open surgery in most operative procedures because it is cost-effective with faster recovery and improved operative outcomes.

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Hernia

A part of the intestine or fatty tissue protrudes through a weakened spot of the muscles or tissues in the abdominal wall or groin area. When it occurs, a lump can be seen or felt.

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Neck pain

Arthritis, pinched nerve, or muscles or ligament strains are some factors causing neck pain. Around 10% of adults experience neck pain at one time or another.

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What eye tests do I need to check my eye health?

An eye exam is a diagnostic procedure involving different tests. The earlier the abnormalities are detected, the more successful the treatment is.

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Differences between Cancer Cells and Normal Cells

Cancer is a disease resulting from the uncontrollable proliferation of abnormal cells which can break off, travel, and take hold at other sites in the body.

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What is cardiomegaly?

Cardiomegaly or an enlarged heart is when your heart is abnormally thick or overly stretched, becoming larger than usual, with difficulty pumping blood.

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Kidney infection (Pyelonephritis)

A urinary tract infection usually starts in the bladder or urethra and ascends to one or both kidneys. Treatment of kidney infections involves the use of effective antibiotics.

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Getting an annual health checkup

A regular health checkup is a proactive and preventive approach to your health and well-being. It allows you to learn about your current physical health.

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Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia, a condition in pregnant and immediate postpartum women characterized by new onset high blood pressure during pregnancy with end-organ damages.

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Febrile seizures

Though febrile seizures look frightening, they do not affect intelligence or harm the brain if the seizures end quickly.

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Varicose veins

Varicose and spider veins, a milder form of varicose veins, can be simply a cosmetic concern. However, some patients may experience discomfort, aching pain

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Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a common gum disease characterized by inflammation, swelling, redness, and irritation of gingiva or gum lines.

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Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C affects around 3% of the world population. Often, people with Hepatitis C do not know that they are infected because the disease is asymptomatic or shows mild symptoms.

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Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are benign uterine tumors that commonly occur in childbearing-age women. A woman may have one or more fibroids.

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Online learning can affect the vision of children

Social distancing measures have affected the way of life of our children. They have to study online glued to computer screen all day.

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What can you do to prevent cancer?

A group of diseases caused by the proliferation of abnormal cells which can invade surrounding or remote organs via the blood and lymphatic system.

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Chronic Headache

Headache danger signs and risk factors that may affect headaches secondary to a brain condition.

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How Blood Lipids Different from Each Other

Dyslipidemia or Hyperlipidemia is a silent threat. There are no signs and symptoms. High lipid level can be diagnosed with blood testing.

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An eye exam. Who should have it? And how should you prepare yourself before an eye check?

An eye exam is a diagnostic procedure involving different tests. The earlier the abnormalities are detected, the more successful the treatment is.

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Low back pain in adults

Pain in the lower back can be nagging and disturbing your daily life. Over 80% of people experience low back pain at least once in their lifetime. However, low back pain generally does not portend

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Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Common eye disease and a leading cause of vision loss in people over 50 years old. It can be categorized into dry and wet age-related macular degeneration.

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Breast Cancer Treatment -Chemotherapy Radiation Therapy, Hormonal Therapy

This is the main treatment modality for early-stage breast cancers.

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Preterm Labor

Preterm labor is when the regular contractions cause the opening of the cervix and delivery after the 20th week and before the 37th week of pregnancy.

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Diphtheria

Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria is the causative agent which spreads through nasal mucus, saliva, and respiratory secretions.

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Pediatric and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

A lateral spine deviation of more than ten degrees; it is most common during adolescence, affecting females to males. It can sometimes be in people with cerebral palsy or neuromuscular diseases.

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Cervical Spondylosis Radiculopathy/Myelopathy

Cervical spondylosis is a condition caused by herniated cervical discs, which may press on the spinal nerve roots and cord. Typically, the disease increases with age. It is most common between the age

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Acute sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is the swelling and inflammation of the lining of paranasal sinuses, an air-filled extension of the nasal cavity. It may obstruct fluid drainage leading to the accumulation of mucus

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No Cut Operation for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Prostate Cancer

One of the newer procedures without cutting is to use a green light laser called photo-selective vaporization of the prostate ‘’PVP Green Light.’’

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ROSA, Robotic-assisted total knee replacement: Fad or Futuristic

ROSA, technological aid is essential to enable the surgeon to reach this goal to ensure every procedure achieves the best possible outcomes.

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Dry eyes

Dry eyes occur when the eyes do not produce enough tears with their lubrication component to maintain moistened eyes. Reduced tear production may result in damage to the ocular surface or infection.

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Anxiety disorder

This condition is known as "generalized anxiety disorder" (GAD). The disease might make it very difficult to accomplish daily tasks.

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Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is among the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions. The condition involves chronic inflammation of a plantar fascia, a thick band of soft tissue that starts by attaching

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Broken Heart Syndrome

A broken heart syndrome is a form of cardiomyopathy with abrupt onset caused by extreme emotional distress. Medically, this condition is known as stress cardiomyopathy or Takotsubo cardiomyopathy,

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Gout

A pervasive and complex type of arthritis that may affect anybody. It is characterized by sudden, acute pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in one or more joints, most commonly the big toe.

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Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Doctors refer to women who stopped having monthly periods between the ages of 40 and 45 as undergoing "early menopause."

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Panic Disorder or Panic Attacks

Panic attacks are more severe than typical anxiety symptoms, where they usually resolve after the stressful situation is over.

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Frozen Shoulders with pain and stiffness

Shoulder pain is frequent in the elderly and can occur without physical exertion or exercise.

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Anal Fistula

The disease is caused by infection of one of the numerous mucus glands circumferentially ringing the anus that usually make mucus for lubrication.

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is caused by bacteria ascending from the vagina through the cervix to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries before the pelvic spreading.

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Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression can be treated. It is not a sign of weakness or a personal shortcoming.

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Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is an illness caused by consuming foods and drinks contaminated with microbes such as bacteria (or bacterial toxins), viruses, and parasites, or sometimes heavy metal toxins,

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The digestive system - the importance of affective diagnosis

Most gastrointestinal diseases are preventable, and early detection can lead to better outcomes.

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Hepatitis B Virus Infection

Nearly half of the patients with chronic hepatitis in the country are due to infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV). The country prevalence of the disease is about 5 - 7%.

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Pertussis, the Undiagnosed Silent Threat

Pertussis, known colloquially as 100-day cough, is a bacterial respiratory tract infection. Pertussis spreads when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or has a runny nose.

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Melatonin

At night, melatonin is produced and excreted to initiate sleep onset. Its level will drop after falling asleep or when there is light exposure.

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Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is an uncontrolled proliferation of cancerous cells in the ovaries (which are part of female reproductive organs producing eggs and secreting female hormones situated under

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Ingrown toenail

Seek medical attention if experiencing a toenail discomfort, pus discharge, or expanding skin inflammation.

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Myasthenia gravis

A chronic autoimmune disorder in which antibodies attack normal receptors on muscle, leading to disrupted communication in the junction between terminal end of nerve fibers and muscles.

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Monkeypox

Monkeypox, contact with an infected animal's bodily fluids or through a bite or scratch, direct contact with blood, body fluids, or pox lesions of infected animals.

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Mastitis

Generally, mastitis commonly affects women during breastfeeding (also known as lactation mastitis). Sometimes, it can happen in those not currently breastfeeding, and even in men.

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Long COVID

WHO defines Long COVID as a condition that occurs longer than three months after the acute illness in someone who had COVID, with symptoms -- lasting two months or more that cannot be explained by...

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Ovarian Cysts and Ovarian Mass

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac which can be found inside or on the surface of the ovaries. Generally, ovarian cysts can be classified into 3 major types.

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Influenza

Influenza is a viral infection in your respiratory system including nose, throat, and lungs. However, in some cases, it can cause complications, leading to death.

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Is it a common cold or allergy?

A common cold is not the only cause of the aforementioned symptoms. Other possible causes are allergic rhinitis and allergic conjuntivitis.

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Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery)

The eyelid muscles weaken with or without excess fat accumulates beneath the skin of upper and lower eyelid, causing sagging eyebrows, droopy eyelids, and eye bags.

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Fibromyalgia

A disorder characterized by chronic pain in muscles, tendons, and soft tissues all over the body.

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Septicemia

Septicemia is a life-threatening illness resulting from the body’s over-response to an infection. The immune system goes into overdrive, triggering whole-body inflammation and malfunction of vital organs.

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Herniated disc

Herniated disc can happen in any disc but most commonly in the lower back.  The symptoms include pain, numbness, or a weakened arm or leg.

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Ultrasound Guided Trigger Finger Release

Trigger finger occurs when fingers become stuck or locked when bending or straightening, often accompanied by pain.

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Asthma

wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Asthma is more common in children than adults. People who had asthma in childhood may outgrow it when they are adults, or it may recur later in life.

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Thyroid disease

The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones to control the body’s metabolism, blood pressure, temperature, heart rate, and weight.

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Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is often due to viral infection. However, bacterial infection can be the cause of tonsillitis as well.

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Age-Related Hearing Loss (Presbycusis)

The condition gradually develops with balanced bilateral hearing loss with no associated symptoms.

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April and Skin Allergy

Those who have atopic dermatitis may experience flare up of the skin inflammation. Let’s get to better known atopic dermatitis to avoid the summer flare up of the disease.

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“LaiTai” or Brugada syndrome

Brugada syndrome is hereditary. In Thailand, the highest incidence of Brugada syndrome is in the northeastern region, followed by the northern region.

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Redefine Cataract Treatment to Customized Vision with State-of-the-art Technology

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Aphasia

A disorder caused by damage to the brain area responsible for the language expression. Symptoms may vary depending on the type of disorder.

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Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of cancer that results from the blood-forming tissue in the bone marrow and/or lymphatic system. There are several types of leukemia; some commonly occur in children, while others are typically present in adults.

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Cirrhosis

When the liver is injured, it will try to repair itself. With chronic or repeated injury, the repair process forms scar tissue, and the accumulation of scarring results in cirrhosis

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Insomnia

When you have difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep through the night or you wake up too early and cannot return to sleep, you may suffer from a sleep disorder or insomnia. After waking up,

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Depression

Depression is not just feeling down or weak. It is not a feeling that you can instantly or easily get rid of.  A continuing long-term treatment is necessary which may deter patients in seeking help.

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Instruction for Radiation Therapy in Cancer Patients

There are many types of cancer treatment including surgery, radiation therapy,  targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy. Your physician will evaluate  for a suitable treatment plan which

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Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture is an acute condition which requires expeditious treatment to minimize disability and the risk of serious complications.

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Eye misalignment (Strabismus)

Most eye misalignment occurs as a result of an abnormality of the brain, nerve, and muscle that control eye movements.

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Lazy Eye (Amblyopia)

This condition occurs as a result of abnormal vision development in early childhood. It can affect one or both eyes.

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Hydrotherapy

A rehabilitation modality that make use of the buoyancy and resistance of water to facilitate movement and exercise under one-to-one supervision of a physical therapist.

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Hemorrhoids

็็Hemorrhoids is veins in your anus and lower rectum become swollen, like varicose veins.Around 3 out of 4 adults experience hemorrhoid symptoms at some point in their life.

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Pink eye (Conjunctivitis)

Pink eye (Conjunctivitis) is an infection of the conjunctiva which is a transparent membrane covering the surface of eyeball and inner layer of eyelid. When conjunctival blood vessels are inflamed,

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Colon Cancer Treatment

Any methods of current colon cancer screening make it possible to detect early stages colon cancer expeditiously, especially if found in the early stages.

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Appendicitis

You will feel the abdominal pain at the lower right side. In most cases, patients feel the pain around the navel and the pain moves.

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Electrodiagnostic Testing

Electrodiagnostic testing can provide additional information (Extend) absent from patient’s medical history and physical exam.

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Colon Cancer Screening and Prevention

More than half of the patients with colon cancer are diagnosed at the later stages of the disease. The symptoms usually become obvious when tumors are larger in size.

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is a leading cause of blurry vision and permanent blindness. It is one of the diabetic complications caused by persistently high blood sugar leading to abnormal retinal blood

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Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head

When the blood supply to the femoral head is disrupted, avascular necrosis ensues. The hard strong femoral head soften and collapse from the weight bearing.

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Unicompartment Knee Arthoplasty (UKA)

At present, studies show that knee osteoarthritis often starts in the medial compartment and later develops in the other 2 compartments.

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Hip Fractures in the Elderlies

Hip fractures in older adults requires immediate treatment. The condition could be life-threatening if appropriate treatment is not promptly carried out.

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Cerebral angiogram

A cerebral angiogram is a medical procedure that uses X-rays to check blood vessels in the brain and neck. During the procedure, the doctor will insert a small tube called a catheter into an artery

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Trigger finger

Trigger finger, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, occurs when there is a size disproportion between a flexor tendon and its tendon sheath. Usually, when we flex or stretch a finger,

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Mechanical thrombectomy

Mechanical thrombectomy is a treatment for acute occlusion of a cerebral blood vessel under X-rays guidance to check blood vessels in the brain and neck. During the procedure,

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Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is the medical innovation for severe aortic stenosis in particular. According to long-term clinical studies, TAVR becomes the internationally accepted

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Influenza and Influenza Vaccine

A viral disease that affects the respiratory system. The initial symptoms are often similar to the common cold but gradually become more severe.

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DXA Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density

The DXA: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is a bone mineral density (BMD) analyzer including trabecular bone score (TBS) used to assess the risk of osteoporosis.

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Prenatal Instructions

Antenatal care involves skilled healthcare professionals monitoring the mother and her unborn child for potential pregnancy-related issues. Doctors offer advice, prenatal care recommendations, and scheduled appointments

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Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection that inflames your lungs' air sacs (alveoli). It causes coughing with phlegm. Many cases have fever, chills, and breathing difficulty.

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Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Pulmonary tuberculosis is contagious and can spread from one person to another through droplets from coughs and sneezes.

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Dental Implant Surgery

Dental implant surgery is a widely embraced therapeutic intervention for replacing missing teeth. These implants comprise titanium metal posts closely resembling the anatomical structure of natural tooth roots.

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Rubella (German measles)

Rubella (German measles) is a contagious viral disease. Most patients with rubella often show mild or no symptoms at all. In addition, rubella can cause severe complications in a developing baby.

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Shingles in the Elderly

Shingles is the same chickenpox disease, It can occur in all age groups. However, you will have a higher chance of developing shingles if you age, as the older you become.

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Osteoarthritis of the knee

Osteoarthritis is the Articular Cartilage of the joints. Its role and function are to facilitate smooth, continuous motion of the joint. The articular surface at the ends of the bones must have unique properties and characteristics.

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Lung Infection

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Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases in the elderly, accounting for approximately 1% prevalence among older adults aged 60 years and over. Parkinson's disease

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Permanent pacemaker

A permanent pacemaker system consists of electrode wires and an electrical pulse generator with a battery and computer chip components.

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Stroke and Carotid Artery Stenosis

Carotid arteries are blood vessels located on each side of the neck, branching out from the aorta at the chest area.

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Numbness of hands and feet, an early sign of peripheral neuropathy

Numbness is a sensory dysfunction encompassing the loss of pain, temperature, touch, or vibratory sensation. The severity may vary among individuals.

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Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS)

Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) for lung procedures, a minimally invasive surgical approach, is associated with fewer complications and less postoperative pain when compared to conventional open thoracic surgery

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Alzheimer's Disease

he most prevalent type of dementia, and its underlying causes are not fully understood. Symptoms primarily involve a gradual memory decline. It typically starts with memory problems

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Tetanus

Tetanus is a disease that caused by a bacteria toxin. It is a severe and painful disease, and it affects the nerve tissue resulting in muscle contractions in the area of jaw and neck muscles.

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Chicken pox

Chickenpox is a highly contagious infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is especially infectious for those who never have the disease or never received a vaccine for it.

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Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is caused by genetic mutation and abnormal growth of liver cells. Most patients tend to have underlying of liver diseases that cause liver dysfunction.

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Precocious Puberty

A condition that children enter the stage of adolescents earlier than the average rate. It causes a sudden change physically.

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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High blood pressure, or also known as hypertension, is a common condition. Some people can have the condition for years but did not show any symptoms. However, even the symptoms do not show,

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Biofeedback therapy for constipation

sBiofeedback therapy for constipation. Forty percents of people with constipation have straining problems during defecation. The muscle involved in passing stool does not coordinate correctly

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Acute Liver Failure

Acute liver failure can occur suddenly even in those who may not know about it or do not have a liver disease history.

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What are the differences between FBS and HbA1c testing?

A blood sugar test measures the blood sugar level to assess how well your body can control the blood sugar levels. This test can screen and identify people at risk of diabetes.

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Heart Disease

The heart is a muscular organ consisting of 4 hallow chambers – 2 upper and 2 lower. It situates in the middle of the chest, behind, and slightly to the left of the breastbone.

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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Patients with chronic kidney disease have chronic kidney failure, which describes the gradual loss of kidney function.

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Rotator Cuff Tears/Rotator Cuff Injury

Rotator cuff injury is an injury of a rotator cuff — a group of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint.

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Sleep Disorders

Do you know that we spend almost one third of our life for sleep? We sleep around 6-8 hours each night. So, if our average life expectancy is 80 years, we would spend almost 30 years sleeping.

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Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease caused by the dysfunction of the insulin signaling pathway within the cells. Our body requires insulin for glucose transport from the bloodstream across the cell membrane into

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Surgical Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

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Targeted Therapy

The targeted therapy treatment is a type of therapy to treat cancer that uses drugs to target cancer cells.

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Cervical Disc Herniation

A common condition in those aged 40 years or more. The most common causes are from the deterioration or rupture of the herniated disc wall.

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Sick Sinus Syndrome

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Diabetic Foot and Toenail Care

People with diabetes can easily get wounds on their feet. Improper cutting or care of toenails and feet is the leading cause that could lead to toe finger and foot amputation.

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SculpSure

Sculpture is a permanent removal of fat with laser energy technology that is certified by Food and Drug Administration (FDA), USA. 24% of fat can be removed in 25 minutes and the result is clearly noticeable after a single treatment

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Picosecond Laser

a technology that helps treat freckles, blemishes and wrinkles

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Cystitis (Bladder Inflammation)

Cystitis is a bladder inflammation caused by bacterial infection; if not properly treated, it can lead to severe health problems, such as kidney infections.

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Phimosis and circumcision

Newborn boys normally have constricted foreskin opening (phimosis) since birth. However, they can still urinate through a tiny opening. The foreskin loosens and can be retracted over time as boys grow up.

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Kidney Tumors

Kidney tumors are becoming more common in today's society due to modern diagnostic radiological instruments and easier access to health check-ups. Screening and diagnosis are, therefore, more accurate.

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Stroke

A stroke will happen when there is a reduction of blood supplies to the brain, preventing brain tissues from receiving needed oxygen and nutrients. When that happens, brain cells begin to die.

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Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)

RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) is a respiratory virus common in children under five years old. The virus can lead to upper and lower respiratory tract infections.

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Atrial Fibrillation (AF)

Atrial fibrillation is an abnormal heartbeat of the upper two-chamber, pulsing, and beating inconsistently with the lower two chambers.

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Astigmatism

Astigmatism is an abnormal shape of either cornea, the front surface of your eye, or the lens inside of your eyes causing blurred distance and near vision.

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Hypotension/ Low Blood Pressure

Hypotension or low blood pressure occurs when a blood pressure is lower than 90/60. There are several causes of this condition, such as dehydration or other serious medical disorders.

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Obesity

Obesity is an excessive amount of body fat that may trigger other diseases and health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and cancers.

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes damage of the optic nerve. Abnormal high pressure in the eye is often a cause of the condition. The damage may cause a loss of vision or blindness.

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Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury is normally caused by a violent bump, joilt or blow to the head or body. It may be also the result of a sudden hitting by an object such as a bullet or skull.

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Seizures

Seizures are uncontrolled disturbances of electricity in the brain. Your movements, feelings or behaviour may be changed unconsciously when seizures occur.

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Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is an emergency condition as the retina, a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye tears away from its original position.

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Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Peripheral artery disease narrowed arteries and reduced blood flow to the limbs. This circulatory problem usually occurs in the extremities, especially legs.

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Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic arthritis that often occurs in people with psoriasis, a skin condition causing red patches of skin covered with silvery scales.

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Sjogren’s Syndrome

Sjogren’s syndrome is a kind of immune system disorder causing dryness of eyes and mouth. The syndrome usually comes with other disorders of the immune system.

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Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a kind of rare arthritis. This inflammatory disease causes vertebrae, the small bones in the spine, to fuse which decreases the flexibility of the spine.

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Arthritis

Arthritis is joint inflammation that causes the swelling and tenderness of the joint. People with arthritis may experience joint pain and stiffness which usually become more severe by age.

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Hashimoto’s Disease

Hashimoto’s disease or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis occurs when thyroid, a small gland located at the base of the throat, is attacked by the immune system and gets inflamed.

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Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM)

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) occur when arteries and veins connect abnormally. This disturbs blood flow and circulation of oxygen.

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Brain Tumor

Brain tumor is a gathering of abnormal cells in the brain. There are various kinds of brain tumors which can be either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a bone disease caused by a lack or retardant of compensation of new bones to the old ones. The affected bones become weak, brittle and easily fractured.

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Muscle Strains

A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a fibrous tissue connecting muscle to bones called a tendon. 

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Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis is a shoulder condition causing limited range of motion. This condition occurs when the tissues in the shoulder joint become thicker and tighter.

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Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder affecting the cells that produce secreted fluids, including mucus, sweat and digestive juices.

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Rheumatic Heart Disease / Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic heart disease or rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease caused by an infection with streptococcus bacteria. This bacterial infection may lead to more serious symptoms.

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Melanoma

Melanoma is a serious kind of skin cancer developing in melanocytes. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body, especially to the nose to throat.

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Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate are abnormal facial and oral formation that causes opening or splits in the upper lip, palate or both. However, it can be corrected and restored to its normal function.

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Pituitary Tumor

Pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth developing in the pituitary gland. The occurrence of pituitary tumor affects several hormones that are important to many functions of the body.

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Endometriosis

Endometriosis is the condition where the mucous membrane, which is called the endometrium and is normally lining in a uterine cavity, grows outside your uterus.

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Spinal Stenosis

The condition mostly occurs due to the degeneration of the spine in association with osteoarthritis, which is the state or process of loss of joint cartilages and underlying bones.

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate gland enlargement occurs when the prostate becomes abnormally large, typically with advancing age. An enlarged prostate gland can cause symptoms such as

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer that is detected early has a better chance of successful treatment.

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Prostate Brachytherapy: Types, Side Effects, Benefits

Prostate brachytherapy is an internal radiation technique for the treatment of prostate cancer. The procedure involves placing a radioactive source in a small capsule into the prostate gland

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Preventing frozen shoulder

The best way to treat the symptoms of the swollen arm is to prevent the arm from getting swollen.

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Targeted Therapy

"...Other cells without a receptor will not be affected by these medications. However, even if they are effective drugs, the treatment is quite specific."

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Stage of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is caused by abnormalities in the cells inside the milk ducts or mammary glands. These cells divide abnormally and uncontrollably.

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Cancer

Cancer or malignant tumors is a group of diseases brought on by cell abnormalities in various body organs as a result of a genetic mutation that causes cancerous cells to multiply unlimitedly

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Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic Sinusitis is a long-term inflammation of the spaces inside your nose and head called sinuses.

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Gastric Cancer or Stomach Cancer

Gastric cancer or stomach cancer is a cancer caused by mutated stomach lining cells, and abnormal division of cells which can occur in any area of the stomach.

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Cholecystitis

The factors frequently causing the inflammation is the block of the bile flow such as gallstones, tumor, and bile duct blockage which leads to infection of gallbladder.

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Cervical Cancer

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) a sexually-transmitted infection, does influence the development of most cervical cancer.

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome will most likely include tingling or numbness or a feeling of electric shock to your fingers or hands.

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Ear infection (Middle Ear)

Acute otitis media is an ear infection that occurs in the middle ear. It is more common for children to be infected with an ear infection than adults.

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Colon Cancer

Colon cancer can happen at all age groups, but it is more common with senior adults. Colon cancer usually starts as polyps, as time progresses, these polyps turn into colon cancers.

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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an abnormal liver condition caused by excessive fat buildup in the liver cells. Fatty liver or hepatic steatosis is associated with obesity

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Gallbladder Stones (Gallstones)

Gallstones are hard, pebble-like pieces of material, usually made of cholesterol or degraded product of red blood cells (bilirubin), that form in your gallbladder.

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Migraine

Migraine is neurological disease causing repeatedly acute throbbing pain which is normally found on one side of the head. The attack of the disease can continue for hours or days.

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