Allergic rhinitis, occurs when allergens like pollen, dust mite droppings, pet hair or dander, insects, and mold trigger allergic reactions, resulting in symptoms such as sneezing, a sore throat, nasal congestion, a runny nose
Headaches manifest as a sensation of pressure pain anywhere in the head. They exhibit considerable variation in character, ranging from squeezing, throbbing, sharp shooting to dull pain.
Pregnancies first occurring before the age of 17 or after the age of 35 are classified as high-risk, necessitating close monitoring to minimize the likelihood of complications. Nonetheless, a high-risk pregnancy
Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea. Inflammatory cells and their mediators can damage tissue in the eyes and reduce its function, which could lead to reduced or permanent loss of vision.
Gradual hearing loss that occurs with age, known as presbycusis, is a common occurrence. Aging and exposure to loud noises can contribute to the degeneration of hair cells, causing sensorineural hearing loss, which is typically irreversible.
Restless Legs Syndrome
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) or Willis-Ekbom disease is a neurological and sleep-related malady. Individuals with RLS have an overwhelming urge to move their legs due to discomfort and gain relief after moving.
Open-heart surgery is a complex surgical procedure that necessitates the use of a heart-lung machine. During the procedure, surgeons make a lengthy midline vertical incision on the chest, cut through the breastbone
Vaginal Yeast Infection
Vaginal yeast infections are prevalent among women, particularly those who are still menstruating. These infections are attributable to a yeast known as candida. Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections encompass vulvar itching and irritation
Sleep Test (Polysomnography): Sleep apnea, Snoring
Sleep test (polysomnography) is a diagnostic procedure that analyzes various functions of the body during sleep to identify the causes and abnormalities related to sleep disorders, such as snoring, sleep apnea
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by an extra full or partial cell division of a human’s chromosome 21, resulting in lifelong intellectual disability, delayed development
Understanding food allergy is crucial for your and your child’s safety
Food allergy is an adverse immune response to specific food proteins, resulting in chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract lining. Only a small number of patients are allergic to carbohydrates and fats.
Postcoital Bleeding (Bleeding After Sex)
Postcoital bleeding, which can affect women of all ages, occurs in approximately 9% of reproductive-age women. It often manifests as spotting or minor bleeding, which may not be a cause for significant concern.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a vaginal infection caused by an overgrowth of harmful, pathological bacteria. It can lead to changes in vaginal discharge, including odor and color.
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)
PRP treats and repairs inflamed tendons and early-stage knee osteoarthritis by stimulating healing. Platelets are a component of blood that promotes clotting and contain growth factors that aid in the self-repair of tissues
The conjunctiva is the white of the eye that contains many tiny blood vessels. If these blood vessels break, it can cause bleeding in the eye or a condition known as subconjunctival hemorrhage
Stretch Marks (Striae)
Stretch marks or striae appear as slightly depressed skin lines that emerge on various body surfaces, such as breasts, abdomen, hips, and buttocks. Pregnant women, in particular, frequently experience these marks in the final trimester.
The psychiatric specialist will make an initial depression test by taking a detailed history, including symptoms, underlying diseases, family history, emotions, feelings, and behaviors
Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation, typically lasting 3-6 months. The main symptom is the absence of menstrual periods. However, other symptoms may occur depending on the underlying cause
Developmental Delay in Children
Developmental delay in children is lags in one or multiple developmental milestones compared to their peers, worrying you and making you feel anxious, getting an appropriate and timely diagnosis
Flat Feet (Flatfoot)
Flat feet or Flatfoot, are characterized by the absence of a noticeable arch in one or both feet. When standing, the inner soles of the feet are flattened and make direct contact with the ground.
Root canal treatment: Causes, Symptoms, Procedures
Root canal treatment is a curative dental treatment for an infected dental pulp, pulp chamber, or root canal that has become inflamed and infected due to the buildup of bacteria that destroys the tooth roots, dental pulp
Scoliosis surgery is a treatment for scoliosis, a condition where the spine is tilted, rotated, or curved sideways in an "S" or "C" shape. This curvature is more than 10 degrees
The abnormal cell proliferation, particularly of the ductal and glandular epithelium, can lead to the formation of a lump or breast cancer. Cancer cells can metastasize to lymph nodes and other organs.
Teeth Whitening Treatment - Types, Procedures, Fees
Teeth whitening treatment is a dental procedure that helps transform discolored or stained teeth into stunning white, bright teeth by utilizing teeth whitening technology, the LED Light System
Positron Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography (PET/CT) Scans
PET/CT scan is a medical imaging of internal organs and tissues at the molecular level utilizing radiopharmaceuticals. PET/CT scan can detect many abnormal lesions, most often for malignancy
Almost all thyroid nodules are asymptomatic, but large nodules can be felt and visible. They may press on your esophagus, leading to difficulty swallowing or dyspnea.
Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)
Dyspnea or shortness of breath is the feeling that you cannot get adequate air into your lungs. You may feel tightness in the chest and must work harder to breathe. Shortness of breath is usually a sign of a medical emergency
Tomosynthesis (3D) Digital Mammography (Mammogram)
Tomosynthesis, or 3D Digital Mammography (Mammogram), is an innovative mammography technology capable of producing both 2D and 3D images of the breasts. This advanced technology enhances the accuracy of breast cancer screening and reduces
Allergic conjunctivitis in Adults
Allergic conjunctivitis occurs when the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane protecting your eyes, is irritated by allergens such as dust mites, pollen, or mold spores.
Blood in the urine (Hematuria)
Blood in the urine (Hematuria) can result from infections, intense exercise, and urinary tract diseases. You should see a doctor for a proper diagnosis if your urine is bloody. Though, in most instances
Malaria is a disease caused by protozoa infection, a parasite in the plasmodium genus spread by female Anopheles mosquitoes, a carrier of the malaria parasite to humans when entering the forest
Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) stem from bacterial presence, most often from E. coli bacterial infection. These microorganisms ascend the urinary tract, starting from the urethra and progressing through the ureter
Vitamin A Deficiency
Vitamin A deficiency is when the body does not receive an adequate amount of vitamin A, resulting in health conditions such as night blindness which is treatable by taking vitamin A supplements and is preventable
The common cold is a contagious respiratory infection caused by viruses -- more than 200 viral strains can cause the common cold. Of these, the rhinoviruses are most frequently responsible for colds.
IVF Embryo Grading
Embryo grading is a procedure that aids in selecting and evaluating the quality of embryos for in vitro fertilization. . IVF specialists usually perform grading on days three
Hair loss occurs on the scalp or the skin on various skin surfaces according to the hair's life cycle, which deteriorates with age, falls out, and grows again. Hair loss can also be due to heredity
Ptosis (Drooping eyelids)
Anyone, regardless of age or gender can develop ptosis. It can happen to one or both eyelids. Some people may have it at birth, while others have it when they get older or have underlying medical conditions.
Muscle pain, also known as myalgia, can be caused by injuries, infectious diseases, or other health issues. It can be temporary or chronic as well as localized or widespread throughout the body
Vertigo occurs when you see your surroundings spinning or feel like you are spinning though you stay still. • If symptoms persist, see an ENT doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, resulting in a syphilitic sore or chancre started as a pimple that ruptures into a sore in the mouth, genitals
An ectopic pregnancy refers to the fetal implantation that takes place outside of the uterus. Approximately 90% of ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tube.
Back Acne (Bacne) develops when the skin hair pores become clogged with dead skin, sweat, or dirt mixed with oil known as sebum made by oil-producing glands. Acne can form anywhere on your skin, including your back.
Acne is a skin condition caused by the accumulation of oil and dead skin cells within the sebaceous glands adjacent to the hair follicle, resulting in acne that appears as a small bulge on the upper
Muscle cramps occur when one or more muscles suddenly and involuntarily contract, causing sharp and often intense pain. Strenuous exertion, particularly in a hot environment, can trigger muscle cramps.
Colic is a condition in which the baby is constantly crying, no matter what anyone does to comfort them. The baby continues to cry. As a result, people used to call this symptom "The child saw a ghost," but it is actually caused by colic in babies.
Polio is a severe acute infectious disease caused by the poliovirus, which can spread from person to person, damaging the central nervous system and motor neurons, resulting in flaccid paralysis
Gum recession denotes gum disease where the gum tissue withdraws from the teeth, uncovering the roots beneath. It increases the susceptibility of teeth to cavities and can lead to heightened tooth
Dengue fever a disease caused by the dengue virus, transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes, specifically the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Four dengue virus strains (DENV-1 to DENV-4)
Hypoglycemia develops when the level of blood glucose drops below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 3.9 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) in diabetic people and below 55 mg/dL or 3.1 mmol/L for non
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder with excessive daytime drowsiness and sudden attack of sleep. Staying awake becomes a challenge for people with narcolepsy.
Office Syndrome is not regarded as an ailment per se but rather encompasses a collection of muscle and spine symptoms associated with poor sitting posture while working. It often occurs to office work
Stress is a physical and mental response to a situation or occurrence perceived to be threatening. It is a natural reaction. The stress response helps us adjust and stay alert to avoid danger.
Psoriasis - Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Infections
Psoriasis is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory skin disease that causes red, dry, itchy, raised patches with silvery or white scaly flakes that flake like dandruff which can affect the skin
Canker Sores (Aphthous Ulcers)
Canker sores or aphthous ulcers are a type of mouth sore. They usually appear as white or yellowish round or oval shapes with a red margin inside the mouth. The size can be as small as 1 millimeter
Anti-snoring appliances are dental appliances specifically designed to treat snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A dental specialist with skill and expertise makes the design
Thalassemia is a hereditary blood disorder characterized by defective hemoglobin synthesis due to genetic disorders resulting in abnormalities of red blood cells. It can lead to reduced production
Common warts (verruca vulgaris) are skin bumps with rough surfaces and tiny black specks. They can occur anywhere in the body but most often on hands and fingers. The cause of common warts is exposure
A pelvic exam is a medical procedure to check for abnormalities in the pelvis which includes Vagina, Cervix, Uterus, Fallopian tubes, Ovaries, Bladder, Rectum
Genital warts are sexually transmitted diseases (STI) caused by infection with the wart-causing HPV virus. Genital warts are rough, crest-like polyps on the genitals, groin, or anus, causing itching,
Bell's palsy is a neurological condition characterized by weakness of the facial muscles on one side, resulting in a drooping mouth and the inability to close eye on the same side tightly.
Sore throat or Pharyngitis
Sore throat/Pharyngitis symptoms are scratchiness, pain, or irritation aggravated by swallowing. Viral pharyngitis due to the common cold is the most common cause of a sore throat and usually resolves
Abscess: not a minuscule matter
An abscess or a boil can often occur in bodily organs. Some may think it is an insignificant matter that can heal without specific treatment. However, an untreated abscess can be harmful.
Herpes simplex is an infectious virus spread through skin contact or sexual transmission of HSV-1 or HSV-2, a virus that causes oral herpes or genital herpes, causing itchiness, blistering, cold sore
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of syndromes that cause delays in language and communication development, social interactions, repetitive attention, or a limited pattern of behavior.
Chest CT Scan
Computed tomography or CT scan is an imaging test that produces a multidimensional view of the internal organs, including blood vessels, soft tissue, and bones.
AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is the final stage of HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus infection, in which CD4 white blood cells, or T-cells of the body's immune system,
Uterine prolapse is a common condition as women age. When the muscles and tissues in the pelvis become weak after menopause or damaged due to multiple vaginal childbirths, the uterus can sag into
Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women
Chronic pelvic pain is persistent pain that lasts for six months or longer. The pain does not necessarily correlate with the menstrual cycle. Another cause could be how the central nervous system
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MIS)
Minimally invasive spine surgery is a newer method of performing spine surgery. Less muscle and tissue damage, less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery.
Thyrotoxicosis occurs when there are abnormally high blood levels of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) which are your body's thyroid hormones. They increase your metabolic rate, causing symptom
Tenosynovitis (De Quervain's syndrome) in pregnant women and new mothers
De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis in pregnant women or new mothers has hormonal changes different from non-pregnant women. The hormones cause body fluid accumulation, especially in their wrists and hands.
Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne disease due to infection by the chikungunya virus. Symptoms are similar to Dengue and Zika, making misdiagnosis common; an accurate diagnosis is essential if you think
PESA / TESE
PESA / TESE, men with ejaculation problems. After viable sperm extraction, egg fertilization can occur via the ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) technique.
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a viral infection that occurs in anyone who has had chickenpox in the past. Herpes zoster symptoms manifest when the body's immune system is weaker than usual.
Heatstroke is a medical emergency that can lead to severe complications such as organ failure, damage, or even death if there is a delay in the diagnosis and treatment.
Nosebleeds (Epistaxis) is a common condition in which there is bleeding from one or both sides of the nasal septum due to tearing of the small blood vessels that feed the septum caused by hard nasal
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland becomes overactive, and thyroid hormones are excessively produced and released into the body. The metabolic rate increases, leading to myriad symptoms.
Bipolar Disorder - Symptoms, Cause, Diagnosis and Treatment
Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric condition caused by a mood disorder in which the patient alternates between extreme euphoric or aggressive bipolar disorder (mania, or hypomania).
Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, is a type of gastric surgical procedure for those markedly overweight, who struggle with obesity, or those at high risk of obesity-related diseases.
A pinguecula is a deposit of fat, protein, calcium, or a combination of all three, which looks like a small yellowish raised bump on the eye’s conjunctiva. It appears on the inside corner of one
Blepharitis is a chronic eyelid inflammation. The oil glands on the edges of both eyelids are clogged, leading to irritation, redness, and swelling. The condition is not contagious
Crown is a fixed, natural-like, tooth-shaped covering-cap that completely encases over the top of a damaged tooth such as misshaped tooth, or unsightly tooth, to regain the properties of a natural
Diarrhea is the passage of loose or watery stools more than three times in 24 hours. Most of the time, diarrhea is self-limited and resolves itself over 2-3 days or with home remedies
With aging, the lens loses its flexibility and becomes less elastic. It cannot change its shape sufficiently to focus on the close-up range. This condition is called presbyopia.
Brain cancer is the mutation of cells in the brain can form a tumor which can be benign or malignant. The rate of malignant tumor growth depends on its type.
Semen analysis is a test to evaluate sperm quantity and quality. The procedure is usually for ascertaining the cause of male-factor infertility or after a vasectomy.
ADHD in children (Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity disorder)
ADHD in children or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common disorder that can affect children’s life. Typically, children with the symptom of ADHD will exhibit constant inattentiveness
Intracerebral hemorrhage (Brain bleeds)
Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH), or brain bleeds, occurs when blood vessels in the brain burst, with blood pressing on the brain tissues, causing decreased blood flow and lack of oxygen to the brain
The lymphatic system, it produces white blood cells known as lymphocytes, which fight against foreign microorganisms and prevent diseases and infections. They can become lymphoma.
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease
Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral infection caused by human enteroviruses and transmitted through contact with saliva, nasal discharge, blisters most commonly found in infants,
Sexual Dysfunction in Men
Sexual dysfunction can affect men of all ages, but is especially common in older men. The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction include ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunction
Kidney stones occur when there are high levels of calcium, oxalate, cystine, or uric acid in the urine or when you do not drink enough fluids.
Low-Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening
Low-dose CT scan (LDCT scan) is a computed tomography imaging using low-dose radiation. It differs from the standard CT scan by using a much lower dose of ionized radiation to produce images.
Lung cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell division in the lungs. The damaged cells irregularly divided or excessively imitated themselves (mutations) to form masses or tumors of tissue.
Hemodialysis with a high-performance hemodialysis machine is a treatment option for kidney failure or chronic kidney disease patients by removing waste products from the bloodstream
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which sperm and eggs are extracted for fertilization in a laboratory, followed by embryo implantation for pregnancy.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
The treatment for rheumatoid arthritis prioritizes how to control the inflammation, delay and minimize joint damage, and increase the ability to function and maintain the quality of life.
When your heart beats irregularly due to faulty electrical signals, it may be due to a heart arrhythmia. You may experience a heart that is racing or fluttering.
Uterine polyps are endometrial tissue that overgrows. They are round or oval shapes with a thin stalk or broad base attached to the uterine lining. The size may be as tiny as a sesame seed or bigger
Earwax or cerumen is a combination of lubricating and antibacterial substances secreted by the glands in the auditory canal, dead skin cells, and hair to protect the ears.
Ruptured Eardrum (Perforated eardrum)
Our eardrum, or tympanic membrane, is a thin tissue separating the ear canal and the middle ear. It's a vital organ for hearing. It also acts as a protective barrier preventing water, germs,
Neck mass, lump in the neck, or cervical mass carving out in the front part of the neck is caused by inflammation or infection that enlarged lymph nodes. Neck mass can be either non-malignant or
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can occur in both males and females. Common symptoms are abnormal discharge from the vagina or penis or pain during urination.
Lupus or SLE
Lupus or SLE is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Lupus-related inflammation can impact many body systems
Chronic liver diseases cause damage to the liver and the formation of scar tissue. Increasing scar tissue accumulation causes liver stiffness and less elasticity.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a type of arthritis due to chronic joint inflammation that can occur in different body joints. Symptoms gradually develop and persist over time. Many joints of the hands,
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine treatment that uses thin needles to relieve symptoms and pains. An acupuncturist performs the treatment by inserting thin,
Rabies, or "hydrophobia," is a fatal viral infection of the nervous system transmitted by animals to humans. A patient in contact with an infected animal can receive rabies virus
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Aortic valve stenosis (aortic stenosis) is a valvular heart disease in which the valve between the lower left heart chamber and the aorta is narrowed and cannot fully open or close,
Chest pain is a dull or sharp pain that lasts a couple of minutes to hours or months and may stem from different causes, but the most life-threatening one is a heart attack, a true medical emergency.
Myocardial ischemia, or cardiac ischemia, occurs when your heart muscle does not get adequate oxygen because of decreased blood flow to the heart.
Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)
Bruxism is when you regularly grind your teeth while awake or sleeping. The condition can cause pain in your jaw muscles, teeth, and temporomandibular joints (TMJs).
Diagnosis and Treatment of Infertility
For pregnancy to occur, both male and female fertility is required. In men, healthy sperm must be adequately produced and effectively ejaculated into the vagina.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
A form of in vitro fertilization (IVF). It is an infertility treatment for people having male-factor fertility problems. The process is to inject one live sperm into a single oocyte (egg)
An umbrella term for conditions that cause inflammation of the skin. The signs and symptoms are red rashes, dryness, and itchiness. This skin condition can occur anywhere on the body
Pregnancy Care for People with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes
The risk of developing complications during pregnancy is related to blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can cause many problems during and after pregnancy.
Weight Loss Pen (Liraglutide Injection)
Weight Loss Pen, or Liraglutide Injection. It helps to decrease appetite and often use in combination with exercise and dietary changes.
Can't sleep well, Frequent awakening, Unrefreshed sleep
Individual sleep time requirement has a genetic basis. Some people may need more; some may need less.
A diagnostic test for the heart’s electrical activity. It is a quick, painless, and noninvasive method. Electrodes or sensors will be attached to your chest, arms, and legs.
Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva -- the clear lining of the sclera and inner eyelids
What is infertility?
Statistically, 70 % of couples with regular sexual intercourse can conceive within the first six months, and 80% can become pregnant within 12 months.
You develop many new floaters, see flashes of light or have a blurry area, they may signify a retinal tear or detachment, which is detrimental to your vision.
The acute injury usually precipitates acute musculoskeletal pain, whereas chronic pain may result from degenerative processes, arthritis, or fibromyalgia.
A Holter monitor is a portable and wearable electrocardiogram device to record the heartbeat and identifies abnormal heart rhythms. Certain arrhythmias, which occur only now and then,
Hordeolum, Stye, or Sty is caused by bacterial infection of the sebaceous (Zeis) glands, sweat (Moll) glands or meibomian glands of the eyelid.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
The collateral ligaments control the side-to-side motion, whereas the cruciate ligaments control the back-and-front movement. In acute ACL injury, the ligament can be either partially or totally torn
An abnormal conjunctival tissue that becomes a raised, thick triangular-shaped growth associated with long-term exposure to UV light.
Blocked tear duct
A blocked tear duct occurs when the tear drainage system becomes partially or completely obstructed, and the tear cannot naturally drain, leading to eye irritation.
Frequent urination is when you need to pee more than 4-8 times in one day. This condition can be usual in pregnancy
There are many possible causes of acute pancreatitis, but 60-75 % of the patients develop the condition due to gallstones or excessive alcohol consumption.
Colitis occurs when the colonic lining becomes inflamed as a reaction to injury or infection or an autoimmune disease like inflammatory bowel disease.
A minimally invasive surgery that is preferable over conventional open surgery in most operative procedures because it is cost-effective with faster recovery and improved operative outcomes.
A part of the intestine or fatty tissue protrudes through a weakened spot of the muscles or tissues in the abdominal wall or groin area. When it occurs, a lump can be seen or felt.
Arthritis, pinched nerve, or muscles or ligament strains are some factors causing neck pain. Around 10% of adults experience neck pain at one time or another.
What eye tests do I need to check my eye health?
An eye exam is a diagnostic procedure involving different tests. The earlier the abnormalities are detected, the more successful the treatment is.
Differences between Cancer Cells and Normal Cells
Cancer is a disease resulting from the uncontrollable proliferation of abnormal cells which can break off, travel, and take hold at other sites in the body.
What is cardiomegaly?
Cardiomegaly or an enlarged heart is when your heart is abnormally thick or overly stretched, becoming larger than usual, with difficulty pumping blood.
Kidney infection (Pyelonephritis)
A urinary tract infection usually starts in the bladder or urethra and ascends to one or both kidneys. Treatment of kidney infections involves the use of effective antibiotics.
Getting an annual health checkup
A regular health checkup is a proactive and preventive approach to your health and well-being. It allows you to learn about your current physical health.
Preeclampsia, a condition in pregnant and immediate postpartum women characterized by new onset high blood pressure during pregnancy with end-organ damages.
Though febrile seizures look frightening, they do not affect intelligence or harm the brain if the seizures end quickly.
Varicose and spider veins, a milder form of varicose veins, can be simply a cosmetic concern. However, some patients may experience discomfort, aching pain
Gingivitis is a common gum disease characterized by inflammation, swelling, redness, and irritation of gingiva or gum lines.
Hepatitis C affects around 3% of the world population. Often, people with Hepatitis C do not know that they are infected because the disease is asymptomatic or shows mild symptoms.
Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are benign uterine tumors that commonly occur in childbearing-age women. A woman may have one or more fibroids.
Online learning can affect the vision of children
Social distancing measures have affected the way of life of our children. They have to study online glued to computer screen all day.
What can you do to prevent cancer?
A group of diseases caused by the proliferation of abnormal cells which can invade surrounding or remote organs via the blood and lymphatic system.
Headache danger signs and risk factors that may affect headaches secondary to a brain condition.
How Blood Lipids Different from Each Other
Dyslipidemia or Hyperlipidemia is a silent threat. There are no signs and symptoms. High lipid level can be diagnosed with blood testing.
An eye exam. Who should have it? And how should you prepare yourself before an eye check?
An eye exam is a diagnostic procedure involving different tests. The earlier the abnormalities are detected, the more successful the treatment is.
Low back pain in adults
Pain in the lower back can be nagging and disturbing your daily life. Over 80% of people experience low back pain at least once in their lifetime. However, low back pain generally does not portend
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Common eye disease and a leading cause of vision loss in people over 50 years old. It can be categorized into dry and wet age-related macular degeneration.
Breast Cancer Treatment -Chemotherapy Radiation Therapy, Hormonal Therapy
This is the main treatment modality for early-stage breast cancers.
Preterm labor is when the regular contractions cause the opening of the cervix and delivery after the 20th week and before the 37th week of pregnancy.
Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria is the causative agent which spreads through nasal mucus, saliva, and respiratory secretions.
Pediatric and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
A lateral spine deviation of more than ten degrees; it is most common during adolescence, affecting females to males. It can sometimes be in people with cerebral palsy or neuromuscular diseases.
Cervical Spondylosis Radiculopathy/Myelopathy
Cervical spondylosis is a condition caused by herniated cervical discs, which may press on the spinal nerve roots and cord. Typically, the disease increases with age. It is most common between the age
Acute sinusitis is the swelling and inflammation of the lining of paranasal sinuses, an air-filled extension of the nasal cavity. It may obstruct fluid drainage leading to the accumulation of mucus
No Cut Operation for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Prostate Cancer
One of the newer procedures without cutting is to use a green light laser called photo-selective vaporization of the prostate ‘’PVP Green Light.’’
ROSA, Robotic-assisted total knee replacement: Fad or Futuristic
ROSA, technological aid is essential to enable the surgeon to reach this goal to ensure every procedure achieves the best possible outcomes.
Dry eyes occur when the eyes do not produce enough tears with their lubrication component to maintain moistened eyes. Reduced tear production may result in damage to the ocular surface or infection.
This condition is known as "generalized anxiety disorder" (GAD). The disease might make it very difficult to accomplish daily tasks.
Plantar fasciitis is among the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions. The condition involves chronic inflammation of a plantar fascia, a thick band of soft tissue that starts by attaching
Broken Heart Syndrome
A broken heart syndrome is a form of cardiomyopathy with abrupt onset caused by extreme emotional distress. Medically, this condition is known as stress cardiomyopathy or Takotsubo cardiomyopathy,
A pervasive and complex type of arthritis that may affect anybody. It is characterized by sudden, acute pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in one or more joints, most commonly the big toe.
Primary Ovarian Insufficiency
Doctors refer to women who stopped having monthly periods between the ages of 40 and 45 as undergoing "early menopause."
Panic attacks are more severe than typical anxiety symptoms, where they usually resolve after the stressful situation is over.
Frozen Shoulders with pain and stiffness
Shoulder pain is frequent in the elderly and can occur without physical exertion or exercise.
The disease is caused by infection of one of the numerous mucus glands circumferentially ringing the anus that usually make mucus for lubrication.
Oral Cancer Monitoring
Mouth cancer, also known as oral cancer, refers to cancer occurring in any part of the mouth.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is caused by bacteria ascending from the vagina through the cervix to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries before the pelvic spreading.
Postpartum depression can be treated. It is not a sign of weakness or a personal shortcoming.
Food poisoning is an illness caused by consuming foods and drinks contaminated with microbes such as bacteria (or bacterial toxins), viruses, and parasites, or sometimes heavy metal toxins,
The digestive system - the importance of affective diagnosis
Most gastrointestinal diseases are preventable, and early detection can lead to better outcomes.
Hepatitis B Virus Infection
Nearly half of the patients with chronic hepatitis in the country are due to infections with hepatitis B virus (HBV). The country prevalence of the disease is about 5 - 7%.
Pertussis, the Undiagnosed Silent Threat
Pertussis, known colloquially as 100-day cough, is a bacterial respiratory tract infection. Pertussis spreads when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or has a runny nose.
At night, melatonin is produced and excreted to initiate sleep onset. Its level will drop after falling asleep or when there is light exposure.
Ovarian cancer is an uncontrolled proliferation of cancerous cells in the ovaries (which are part of female reproductive organs producing eggs and secreting female hormones situated under
Seek medical attention if experiencing a toenail discomfort, pus discharge, or expanding skin inflammation.
A chronic autoimmune disorder in which antibodies attack normal receptors on muscle, leading to disrupted communication in the junction between terminal end of nerve fibers and muscles.
Monkeypox, contact with an infected animal's bodily fluids or through a bite or scratch, direct contact with blood, body fluids, or pox lesions of infected animals.
Generally, mastitis commonly affects women during breastfeeding (also known as lactation mastitis). Sometimes, it can happen in those not currently breastfeeding, and even in men.
WHO defines Long COVID as a condition that occurs longer than three months after the acute illness in someone who had COVID, with symptoms -- lasting two months or more that cannot be explained by...
Ovarian cysts and ovarian mass
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac which can be found inside or on the surface of the ovaries. Generally, ovarian cysts can be classified into 3 major types.
Influenza is a viral infection in your respiratory system including nose, throat, and lungs. However, in some cases, it can cause complications, leading to death.
Is it a common cold or allergy?
A common cold is not the only cause of the aforementioned symptoms. Other possible causes are allergic rhinitis and allergic conjuntivitis.
Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery)
The eyelid muscles weaken with or without excess fat accumulates beneath the skin of upper and lower eyelid, causing sagging eyebrows, droopy eyelids, and eye bags.
A disorder characterized by chronic pain in muscles, tendons, and soft tissues all over the body.
A life-threatening illness resulting from the body’s over-response to an infection. The immune system goes into overdrive, triggering whole-body inflammation and malfunction of vital organs.
Herniated disc can happen in any disc but most commonly in the lower back. The symptoms include pain, numbness, or a weakened arm or leg.
Ultrasound Guided Trigger Finger Release
Trigger finger occurs when fingers become stuck or locked when bending or straightening, often accompanied by pain.
wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Asthma is more common in children than adults. People who had asthma in childhood may outgrow it when they are adults, or it may recur later in life.
The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones to control the body’s metabolism, blood pressure, temperature, heart rate, and weight.
Tonsillitis is often due to viral infection. However, bacterial infection can be the cause of tonsillitis as well.
Age-Related Hearing Loss (Presbycusis)
The condition gradually develops with balanced bilateral hearing loss with no associated symptoms.
April and Skin Allergy
Those who have atopic dermatitis may experience flare up of the skin inflammation. Let’s get to better known atopic dermatitis to avoid the summer flare up of the disease.
“LaiTai” or Brugada syndrome
Brugada syndrome is hereditary. In Thailand, the highest incidence of Brugada syndrome is in the northeastern region, followed by the northern region.
Redefine Cataract Treatment to Customized Vision with State-of-the-art Technology
A disorder caused by damage to the brain area responsible for the language expression. Symptoms may vary depending on the type of disorder.
The treatment for leukemia varies and can be a difficult process – it must account for factors such as the type of leukemia as well as other factors.
When the liver is injured, it will try to repair itself. With chronic or repeated injury, the repair process forms scar tissue, and the accumulation of scarring results in cirrhosis
When you have difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep through the night or you wake up too early and cannot return to sleep, you may suffer from a sleep disorder or insomnia. After waking up,
Depression is not just feeling down or weak. It is not a feeling that you can instantly or easily get rid of. A continuing long-term treatment is necessary which may deter patients in seeking help.
Instruction for Radiation Therapy in Cancer Patients
There are many types of cancer treatment including surgery, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy. Your physician will evaluate for a suitable treatment plan which
Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture is an acute condition which requires expeditious treatment to minimize disability and the risk of serious complications.
Eye misalignment (Strabismus)
Most eye misalignment occurs as a result of an abnormality of the brain, nerve, and muscle that control eye movements.
Lazy Eye (Amblyopia)
This condition occurs as a result of abnormal vision development in early childhood. It can affect one or both eyes.
A rehabilitation modality that make use of the buoyancy and resistance of water to facilitate movement and exercise under one-to-one supervision of a physical therapist.
็็Hemorrhoids is veins in your anus and lower rectum become swollen, like varicose veins.Around 3 out of 4 adults experience hemorrhoid symptoms at some point in their life.
Pink eye (Conjunctivitis)
Pink eye (Conjunctivitis) is an infection of the conjunctiva which is a transparent membrane covering the surface of eyeball and inner layer of eyelid. When conjunctival blood vessels are inflamed,
Colon Cancer Treatment
Any methods of current colon cancer screening make it possible to detect early stages colon cancer expeditiously, especially if found in the early stages.
You will feel the abdominal pain at the lower right side. In most cases, patients feel the pain around the navel and the pain moves.
Electrodiagnostic testing can provide additional information (Extend) absent from patient’s medical history and physical exam.
Colon Cancer Screening and Prevention
More than half of the patients with colon cancer are diagnosed at the later stages of the disease. The symptoms usually become obvious when tumors are larger in size.
Diabetic Retinopathy is a leading cause of blurry vision and permanent blindness. It is one of the diabetic complications caused by persistently high blood sugar leading to abnormal retinal blood
Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head
When the blood supply to the femoral head is disrupted, avascular necrosis ensues. The hard strong femoral head soften and collapse from the weight bearing.
Unicompartment Knee Arthoplasty (UKA)
At present, studies show that knee osteoarthritis often starts in the medial compartment and later develops in the other 2 compartments.
Hip Fractures in the Elderlies
Hip fractures in older adults requires immediate treatment. The condition could be life-threatening if appropriate treatment is not promptly carried out.
A cerebral angiogram is a medical procedure that uses X-rays to check blood vessels in the brain and neck. During the procedure, the doctor will insert a small tube called a catheter into an artery
Trigger finger, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, occurs when there is a size disproportion between a flexor tendon and its tendon sheath. Usually, when we flex or stretch a finger,
Mechanical thrombectomy is a treatment for acute occlusion of a cerebral blood vessel under X-rays guidance to check blood vessels in the brain and neck. During the procedure,
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is the medical innovation for severe aortic stenosis in particular. According to long-term clinical studies, TAVR becomes the internationally accepted
Influenza and Influenza Vaccine
A viral disease that affects the respiratory system. The initial symptoms are often similar to the common cold but gradually become more severe.
DXA Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density
The DXA: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is a bone mineral density (BMD) analyzer including trabecular bone score (TBS) used to assess the risk of osteoporosis.
Antenatal care involves skilled healthcare professionals monitoring the mother and her unborn child for potential pregnancy-related issues. Doctors offer advice, prenatal care recommendations, and scheduled appointments
Pneumonia is an infection that inflames your lungs' air sacs (alveoli). It causes coughing with phlegm. Many cases have fever, chills, and breathing difficulty.
Pulmonary tuberculosis is contagious and can spread from one person to another through droplets from coughs and sneezes.
Rubella (German measles)
Rubella (German measles) is a contagious viral disease. Most patients with rubella often show mild or no symptoms at all. In addition, rubella can cause severe complications in a developing baby.
Shingles in the Elderly
Shingles is the same chickenpox disease, It can occur in all age groups. However, you will have a higher chance of developing shingles if you age, as the older you become.
Osteoarthritis of the knee
Osteoarthritis is the Articular Cartilage of the joints. Its role and function are to facilitate smooth, continuous motion of the joint. The articular surface at the ends of the bones must have unique properties and characteristics.
Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases in the elderly, accounting for approximately 1% prevalence among older adults aged 60 years and over. Parkinson's disease
A permanent pacemaker system consists of electrode wires and an electrical pulse generator with a battery and computer chip components.
Stroke and Carotid Artery Stenosis
Carotid arteries are blood vessels located on each side of the neck, branching out from the aorta at the chest area.
Numbness of hands and feet, an early sign of peripheral neuropathy
Numbness is a sensory dysfunction encompassing the loss of pain, temperature, touch, or vibratory sensation. The severity may vary among individuals.
he most prevalent type of dementia, and its underlying causes are not fully understood. Symptoms primarily involve a gradual memory decline. It typically starts with memory problems
Tetanus is a disease that caused by a bacteria toxin. It is a severe and painful disease, and it affects the nerve tissue resulting in muscle contractions in the area of jaw and neck muscles.
Chickenpox is a highly contagious infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is especially infectious for those who never have the disease or never received a vaccine for it.
Liver cancer is caused by genetic mutation and abnormal growth of liver cells. Most patients tend to have underlying of liver diseases that cause liver dysfunction.
A condition that children enter the stage of adolescents earlier than the average rate. It causes a sudden change physically.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure, or also known as hypertension, is a common condition. Some people can have the condition for years but did not show any symptoms. However, even the symptoms do not show,
Biofeedback therapy for constipation
sBiofeedback therapy for constipation. Forty percents of people with constipation have straining problems during defecation. The muscle involved in passing stool does not coordinate correctly
Acute Liver Failure
Acute liver failure can occur suddenly even in those who may not know about it or do not have a liver disease history.
What are the differences between FBS and HbA1c testing?
A blood sugar test measures the blood sugar level to assess how well your body can control the blood sugar levels. This test can screen and identify people at risk of diabetes.
The heart is a muscular organ consisting of 4 hallow chambers – 2 upper and 2 lower. It situates in the middle of the chest, behind, and slightly to the left of the breastbone.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Patients with chronic kidney disease have chronic kidney failure, which describes the gradual loss of kidney function.
Rotator Cuff Tears/Rotator Cuff Injury
Rotator cuff injury is an injury of a rotator cuff — a group of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint.
Do you know that we spend almost one third of our life for sleep? We sleep around 6-8 hours each night. So, if our average life expectancy is 80 years, we would spend almost 30 years sleeping.
Diabetes is a disease caused by the dysfunction of the insulin signaling pathway within the cells. Our body requires insulin for glucose transport from the bloodstream across the cell membrane into
The targeted therapy treatment is a type of therapy to treat cancer that uses drugs to target cancer cells.
Cervical Disc Herniation
A common condition in those aged 40 years or more. The most common causes are from the deterioration or rupture of the herniated disc wall.
Sick Sinus Syndrome
Diabetic Foot and Toenail Care
People with diabetes can easily get wounds on their feet. Improper cutting or care of toenails and feet is the leading cause that could lead to toe finger and foot amputation.
a technology that helps treat freckles, blemishes and wrinkles
Cystitis (Bladder Inflammation)
Cystitis is a bladder inflammation caused by bacterial infection; if not properly treated, it can lead to severe health problems, such as kidney infections.
Phimosis and circumcision
Newborn boys normally have constricted foreskin opening (phimosis) since birth. However, they can still urinate through a tiny opening. The foreskin loosens and can be retracted over time as boys grow up.
Kidney tumors are becoming more common in today's society due to modern diagnostic radiological instruments and easier access to health check-ups. Screening and diagnosis are, therefore, more accurate.
A stroke will happen when there is a reduction of blood supplies to the brain, preventing brain tissues from receiving needed oxygen and nutrients. When that happens, brain cells begin to die.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) is a respiratory virus common in children under five years old. The virus can lead to upper and lower respiratory tract infections.
Atrial Fibrillation (AF)
Atrial fibrillation is an abnormal heartbeat of the upper two-chamber, pulsing, and beating inconsistently with the lower two chambers.
Astigmatism is an abnormal shape of either cornea, the front surface of your eye, or the lens inside of your eyes causing blurred distance and near vision.
Hypotension/ Low Blood Pressure
Hypotension or low blood pressure occurs when a blood pressure is lower than 90/60. There are several causes of this condition, such as dehydration or other serious medical disorders.
Obesity is an excessive amount of body fat that may trigger other diseases and health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and cancers.
Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes damage of the optic nerve. Abnormal high pressure in the eye is often a cause of the condition. The damage may cause a loss of vision or blindness.
Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury is normally caused by a violent bump, joilt or blow to the head or body. It may be also the result of a sudden hitting by an object such as a bullet or skull.
Seizures are uncontrolled disturbances of electricity in the brain. Your movements, feelings or behaviour may be changed unconsciously when seizures occur.
Retinal detachment is an emergency condition as the retina, a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye tears away from its original position.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
Peripheral artery disease narrowed arteries and reduced blood flow to the limbs. This circulatory problem usually occurs in the extremities, especially legs.
Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic arthritis that often occurs in people with psoriasis, a skin condition causing red patches of skin covered with silvery scales.
Sjogren’s syndrome is a kind of immune system disorder causing dryness of eyes and mouth. The syndrome usually comes with other disorders of the immune system.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a kind of rare arthritis. This inflammatory disease causes vertebrae, the small bones in the spine, to fuse which decreases the flexibility of the spine.
Arthritis is joint inflammation that causes the swelling and tenderness of the joint. People with arthritis may experience joint pain and stiffness which usually become more severe by age.
Hashimoto’s disease or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis occurs when thyroid, a small gland located at the base of the throat, is attacked by the immune system and gets inflamed.
Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM)
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) occur when arteries and veins connect abnormally. This disturbs blood flow and circulation of oxygen.
Brain tumor is a gathering of abnormal cells in the brain. There are various kinds of brain tumors which can be either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Osteoporosis is a bone disease caused by a lack or retardant of compensation of new bones to the old ones. The affected bones become weak, brittle and easily fractured.
A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a fibrous tissue connecting muscle to bones called a tendon.
Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis is a shoulder condition causing limited range of motion. This condition occurs when the tissues in the shoulder joint become thicker and tighter.
Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder affecting the cells that produce secreted fluids, including mucus, sweat and digestive juices.
Rheumatic Heart Disease / Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatic heart disease or rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease caused by an infection with streptococcus bacteria. This bacterial infection may lead to more serious symptoms.
Melanoma is a serious kind of skin cancer developing in melanocytes. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body, especially to the nose to throat.
Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
Cleft lip and cleft palate are abnormal facial and oral formation that causes opening or splits in the upper lip, palate or both. However, it can be corrected and restored to its normal function.
Pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth developing in the pituitary gland. The occurrence of pituitary tumor affects several hormones that are important to many functions of the body.
Endometriosis is the condition where the mucous membrane, which is called the endometrium and is normally lining in a uterine cavity, grows outside your uterus.
The condition mostly occurs due to the degeneration of the spine in association with osteoarthritis, which is the state or process of loss of joint cartilages and underlying bones.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate gland enlargement occurs when the prostate becomes abnormally large, typically with advancing age. An enlarged prostate gland can cause symptoms such as
Prostate cancer that is detected early has a better chance of successful treatment.
Prostrate brachytherapy is a form of radiation therapy used to treat prostate cancer. It involves placing radioactive sources in the prostate gland, where the radiation can kill the cancer cells.
Preventing frozen shoulder
The best way to treat the symptoms of the swollen arm is to prevent the arm from getting swollen.
"...Other cells without a receptor will not be affected by these medications. However, even if they are effective drugs, the treatment is quite specific."
Stage of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is caused by abnormalities in the cells inside the milk ducts or mammary glands. These cells divide abnormally and uncontrollably.
Cancer or malignant tumors is a group of diseases brought on by cell abnormalities in various body organs as a result of a genetic mutation that causes cancerous cells to multiply unlimitedly
Chronic Sinusitis is a long-term inflammation of the spaces inside your nose and head called sinuses.
Gastric Cancer / Stomach Cancer
Gastric cancer or stomach cancer is a cancer caused by mutated stomach lining cells, and abnormal division of cells which can occur in any area of the stomach.
The factors frequently causing the inflammation is the block of the bile flow such as gallstones, tumor, and bile duct blockage which leads to infection of gallbladder.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) a sexually-transmitted infection, does influence the development of most cervical cancer.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome will most likely include tingling or numbness or a feeling of electric shock to your fingers or hands.
Ear infection (Middle Ear)
Acute otitis media is an ear infection that occurs in the middle ear. It is more common for children to be infected with an ear infection than adults.
Colon cancer can happen at all age groups, but it is more common with senior adults. Colon cancer usually starts as polyps, as time progresses, these polyps turn into colon cancers.
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an abnormal liver condition caused by excessive fat buildup in the liver cells. Fatty liver or hepatic steatosis is associated with obesity
Gallbladder Stones (Gallstones)
Gallstones are hard, pebble-like pieces of material, usually made of cholesterol or degraded product of red blood cells (bilirubin), that form in your gallbladder.
Migraine is neurological disease causing repeatedly acute throbbing pain which is normally found on one side of the head. The attack of the disease can continue for hours or days.